A sedentary lifestyle, typical for office workers and those who like to relax in front of the TV or monitor screen, is often a cause of low back pain. The first signs of this disease can occur in 25 years and, if left untreated, complications can lead to serious consequences.
In this article we will look at what is osteochondrosis of the cervical spine, the main causes of this disease, its symptoms, stages, treatment methods, and answer other questions that may arise for patients with osteochondrosis.
The causes of osteochondrosis
The main reasons that can cause low back pain:
- poor diet and excess weight;
- violations of posture, scoliosis, arthritis, flat feet;
- sedentary lifestyle: sedentary work (drivers, office workers), lack of exercise, etc.;
- the trauma neck, trauma spine;
- too great physical exertion, unusual for the body;
- nervous tension, frequent stress;
- genetic predisposition to develop the disease;
- abnormal development of the cervical spine.
Most of the above reasons cause the load on the cervical vertebrae, resulting in muscle spasm occurs. Because of this disturbed blood flow, reduced efficiency of metabolic processes, which causes degenerative changes. Changes the structure of the intervertebral discs, they become thinner and deformed and, speaking outside of the spine.
Often the cause of osteoarthritis is the progressive discos, spread to adjacent vertebrae or bone. It occurs most often during prolonged exercise in the lumbar and cervical departments, almost never touching the chest.
The stage of development of osteochondrosis
Developing, degenerative disc disease goes through several stages, characterized by certain signs and symptoms. These stages will be discussed below.
Osteochondrosis of 1 degree of the cervical (preclinical stage)
Usually at the initial stage of the disease there is only a slight flattening of the lordosis of the neck, patients experience pain, aggravated by bends and head tilts, you feel the stress and fatigue of the muscles in the back, waist. At this stage, the degenerative disc disease is treatable without medication, it is enough to change the diet to perform exercises and other activities.
Osteochondrosis of 2 degrees
In the second stage between the vertebrae observed instability, the patient begins to worry more intense pain, occasionally radiating into the hands or shoulders, are also amplified pain when turning or tilting the head. This is the result of compressions from the decreased height of the intervertebral discs. Patients start to notice fatigue, confusion, reduced level of efficiency and headaches.
Low back pain 3rd degree
At this stage pain begins to worsen, it occurs constantly, not only in the neck but at the shoulders, gives into the hands. Arm muscles become weaker, there is a numbness because begin to form herniated discs. In this case the diagnosis reveals little mobility of the cervical. Patients concerned about dizziness and weakness.
Osteochondrosis of 4 degrees
At the final stage is the destruction of the intervertebral discs, which are replaced by connective tissue. The pathological process involves several segments of the ridge, which is in various stages of destruction. Patients present impaired coordination, intensify the dizziness and pain, there is a noise in the ears and other violations.
Symptoms of degenerative disc disease of the cervical spine
To detect even the initial stage of the disease by the following signs:
Headaches osteochondrosis of the cervical
- pain in the neck, nape, shoulders or hands;
- weakness of the hands;
- crunch and pain during movements of the head;
- General weakness, fatigue, impaired coordination, dizziness;
- the decrease in visual acuity and hearing, numbness of the tongue.
One of the most frequent signs are dizziness, osteochondrosis of the cervical spine. The symptoms of vertigo may be accompanied by noise and ringing in the ears (reduced hearing acuity), feelings of disorientation, migraines, and nausea and vomiting. Treatment of vertigo with cervical degenerative disc disease does not require any special methods and drugs and occurs in parallel with the General treatment. The doctor determines how to treat these symptoms — do not attempt to get rid of the dizziness traditional methods.
Another unfortunate consequence is a frequent headaches, especially in women. Migraines can occur several times a day, causing unpleasant and painful.
The symptoms of cervical manifest somewhat differently than the other osteochondrosis spine, due to the fact that the neck vertebrae are close to each other, the height of the intervertebral disc when it is small, which leads to complications even with minor degenerative changes.
Diagnosis of chondrosis of the cervical spine
For the diagnosis of disease in medicine, the following methods:
- The x-rays. This method is ineffective, especially in the final stages of developing osteoarthritis.
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). A method that allows you to see bone structure, herniated discs, their size and direction.
- CT. Less effective than MRI, as the presence and size of hernia is difficult to define.
- Ultrasonic duplex scanning. This method is used in cases, when in the arteries is suspected a violation of blood flow. Using the scan we can determine the rate of blood flow and if there are any obstacles.
Treatment of degenerative disc disease of the cervical spine
For the treatment of such diseases as osteochondrosis by using different methods: medication, physical therapy, massage neck and collar area for blood supply of the brain and therapeutic exercises, observance of in the future proper nutrition. It is the combination of all methods, how to treat cervical chondrosis, will allow to achieve real results in the fight against the disease.
Despite the fact that women are more prone to headaches and numbness of the extremities in this disease, the treatment of cervical degenerative disc disease in women is no different from its treatment in men: are assigned the same drugs and exercise.
First aid for severe pain
With strong pain syndrome can be applied pain medications. If the above medicines do not bring relief, you can take NSAIDs.
Often used "diversionary" means, for example, the capsicum plaster that does not heal, but only warms the sore area and distracts from the pain. In the case of formation of edema in the area of inflammation, the patient may drink infusion of herbs or diuretic for 3-4 days. Is it possible to cure osteochondrosis such methods? These measures are only temporary, for treatment reasons, you must contact your doctor.
It should be noted, what doctor treats low back pain. If you suspect that causes of pain in the cervical spine is the occurrence of low back pain, should consult a neurologist. This specialist focuses on diseases of this kind. In some medical institutions are narrowly focused specialists, dealing specifically with diseases of the spine. If your clinic has a spine, you should ask a question how to cure this disease immediately to him.
Treatment of degenerative disc disease medications
|The name of the group of drugs||The drug|
|Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs||Reduce pain, relieve swelling and inflammation of the damaged nerve root.|
|B vitamins||Contribute to the improvement of metabolic processes in nervous tissue.|
|Chondroprotectors||Restore cartilage tissue.|
|Drugs aimed at improving blood rheology and blood flow||Improves blood flow to the brain and nutrition of the damaged nerve endings.|
|Muscle relaxants||Drugs whose action is directed on reduction of muscle spasm.|
By taking a pill of degenerative disc disease, it should be remembered that a significant effect of drug treatment with pills only if combined with other techniques, including exercise. Also it should be noted that the attending physician should appoint than to treat the disease on the basis of its stage and other characteristics.
Many doctors believe effective treatment of cervical degenerative disc disease with injections, because it enables faster to reach the end of the nerves and causes a minimum of side reactions. The vitamins are best taken in pill form because the absorption there is no difference, but the injection can be painful.
Injections used to treat:
- intramuscular injections cause a restorative and anti-inflammatory effect;
- blockades are injected directly into the affected area, which leads to a rapid effect.
Physical therapy in osteochondrosis of the cervical
Physiotherapy brings the maximum effect and most secure in the recovery period. When you exercise, physical therapy, the patient should not experience pain or feel discomfort.
Exercises for the cervical spine is aimed at strengthening the muscles of the neck that will allow not only to overcome the disease, but also serve as prevention for its occurrence.
For clarity and more precise execution will bring video exercises for degenerative disc disease of the cervical spine:
Treatment of cervical osteochondrosis in house conditions
Home treatment methods are in addition to the complex, prescribed by a doctor, and they will not help to completely get rid of the disease. Before to treat low back pain at home, be sure to consult a doctor to diagnosed and prescribed the necessary medicines. That physician should determine how to treat osteochondrosis of the cervical spine at home
For home treatment are used: the recipes of traditional medicine (designed to relieve pain and muscle tension, improve blood circulation), physiotherapy, as well as mandatory massage cervical area at home.
Folk recipes for the treatment of pain in the neck area:
- Attach a sheet of horseradish inner side to the neck, secure with a bandage or any breathable cloth. Before use it must be scalded with boiling water and allow to cool to room temperature. It is advisable to take before bedtime and to leave the bandage on all night.
- Finely chop the potatoes and mix it with honey in equal proportion. The mixture will be similar to an ointment consistency. Use as a compress at least 1 time a week.
- Well relieve the pain of warming up. For this purpose you can use mustard, a bag with hot sand, capsicum plasters or alcohol.
Often patients seek treatment or pain relief in various forums and similar sources. It should be noted that none of the forum and its visitors will not be able to correctly diagnose the stage of the disease and its treatment. The question is treated whether the degenerative disc disease in your case and how it must be done, must decide by a qualified physician based on diagnosis.
Therapeutic massage in osteochondrosis of the cervical spine
Massage is necessary to strengthen muscle tone and relieve pain. Depending on at what stage there is a degenerative disc disease, selected methods of massage. However, doing neck massage, practitioners use all the techniques of classical massage: rubbing, stroking, kneading, etc. In cases where the patient hurts on only one side, the massage begins in a healthy part of the neck, gradually moving to the part of the neck area that is experiencing pain.
Massage can be performed at home, however, be very careful not to cause aggravation and not to harm the patient. The patient should take the prone position, the forehead put on your hands, and pull your chin to your chest. The neck muscles should be completely relaxed.Prevention of osteochondrosis of the cervical vertebra
To prevent the occurrence and progression of the disease, doctors recommend to stick to simple rules:
- do sports (swimming is particularly effective);
- to include in the diet foods that contain large amounts of magnesium and calcium (fish and other seafood, beans, peas, nuts, seeds, dairy products and cheese, spinach, etc., not eat hot pepper, salt, grapes, sugar, flour products, smoked products);
- in sedentary work a few times a day workout;
- choose a comfortable pillow and mattress.
The implementation of these simple recommendations can keep you from the occurrence of osteoarthritis at any age.
The article discusses the causes, symptoms and treatment of degenerative disc disease of the cervical spine, ranging from medical intervention and ending with homemade techniques. To cure this disease, including surgery, but this should apply all methods: taking medication, doing exercises and massage.