Low back pain: symptoms and treatment

Every person at least once in my life felt pain in the back, the lumbar, thoracic or cervical spine. The first pain symptoms and signs of a pathological disorder of the articular cartilage appear in people of middle age group after the age of 30-35.

Symptomatic signs of osteoarthritis do not distinguish the gender of the person, and therefore can affect the spinal vertebrae in men and women. However, there is a sad tendency to rejuvenation of bone-joint disease, when there is low back pain in children of secondary school age.

osteochondrosis

What is it?

International classification of diseases 10th revision, defines the osteochondrosis to the class of diseases of the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue. Low back pain is divided into several categories:

  • Youthful osteochondrosis of the spine.
  • Osteochondrosis of the spine in adults.
  • Spinal osteochondrosis, unspecified .

The causes of osteoarthritis are associated with violation of metabolism in the connective tissue of articular cartilage, characterized by degenerative changes in the ligaments of the musculoskeletal system and a total violation of the musculoskeletal system in the structural segments of the spine.

Pain syndrome occurs as a result of deformation of violation of the integrity of the intervertebral discs, resulting in an axial displacement of the vertebrae, and because of this, is pinched nerve roots in the vertebral canal. Symptoms and signs of degenerative disc disease can affect any departments of the vertebral system, sometimes developing for several years, they do not cause discomfort.

In most cases the causes of osteochondrosis are related to the professional activity of the person. The risk group includes the following professional categories:

  • accountant;
  • cashiers;
  • IT-workers.
  • office staff;
  • professional athletes;
  • drivers of vehicles.

However, it is noted that the signs of osteoarthritis more often occur in women than men. Many health experts agree that the cause of osteochondrosis is a long wearing shoes with high heels. Typically, the first symptoms of neurological disease diagnosed in women after the age of 25.

There are cases when the causes of osteoarthritis caused by pregnancy. Not least important way of human life. People prone to obesity comprise the largest percentage of patients with a neurological clinic. Also very important is the correct posture and growth. It is in these patients is most often defined as osteochondrosis of the spine of the spine.

In General, involving the factors of the disease include:

  • obesity;
  • physiological aging of the musculoskeletal system;
  • the metabolic disorders;
  • traumatic condition of the spine;
  • infectious lesions of the articular components of the spinal column;
  • improper diet;
  • heavy physical labor;
  • a sedentary lifestyle.

However, the most significant causal factor in the development of neurological disease is a hereditary (genetic) predisposition of the person to articular disease, which makes itself felt already in childhood or adolescence.

osteochondrosis the development of the disease

The development of the disease

Osteochondrosis symptoms and treatment depend on the severity of the disease. Thus, the development of degenerative disc disease has 4 stages of disease:

  1. The first stage is the beginning of a pathological neuralgia, characterized by dehydration of the nucleus pulposus in the intervertebral disc. As a result, micro-cracks occur in the fibrous ring. Signs and symptoms of degenerative disc disease at this stage of development of neurological pathology not cause the person much discomfort. Only active physical action to disturb the affected sections of the spinal cord.
  2. The second stage in diagnostic laboratory testing is determined by the decrease of height of intervertebral discs, and the distance between them. The classic symptom of a pathological condition is the beginning of sagging ligaments in the musculoskeletal system. The symptoms of osteochondrosis of 2 degrees – uncomfortable pain even during slight physical exertion, when aching or gnawing pain occurs in the affected area of the reference frame.
  3. The third stage is a partial limitation of the articular segments of the spine. At this stage of development of neurological pathology occurs prolapse and disc protrusion. In some cases, the intervertebral joints produces arthritis. Depending on the localization of the affected area of the patient feels the pain symptoms of osteoarthritis in the neck, back or in the lumbar region.
  4. The fourth stage is a complex neurological disorder in the spinal system, which is expressed in a partial or complete restriction of mobility of joints. In this diagnostic condition in the joints of the vertebrae are formed the bony growths (osteophytes) that cause micro trauma to the nerve branches and the adjacent spine segments. In most cases, the symptoms of osteochondrosis of 4 degrees does not cause pain and discomfort as the joints become fossilized form.

Types

In neurology low back pain is divided into several types:

  1. Cervical osteochondrosis.
  2. Osteochondrosis of thoracic spinal system.
  3. Lumbosacral osteochondrosis of the vertebral column.

There is also a General degenerative disc disease of the back, when the affected area are several divisions of the musculoskeletal system.

Symptoms

Consider what are the causes of osteoarthritis and what are the symptoms of neurological diseases manifested in one way or another affected area.

Cervical degenerative disc disease, symptoms and signs:

  • Pain symptoms in the neck and occipital area.
  • Weakness in the neck muscles.
  • Dizziness and headache in the temporal and/or occipital area.
  • Unstable intracranial pressure.
  • The emergence of a crunching or clicking in the neck when bending and/or turning of the head.
  • Pain in the shoulders or forearm.
  • Numbness of the upper extremities, especially the fingers.

In the neurological pathology of the thoracic spine, degenerative disc disease manifested by the following symptoms and signs:

  • The pain in the heart area.
  • Pain symptoms in the chest restricts breathing.
  • Radiating pain under the shoulder blades.
  • The pins and needles in the body.
  • Squeezing the chest and numbness of the limbs.
low back pain diagnosis

Before how to treat osteochondrosis of the thoracic it is necessary to clearly diagnose neurological pathology, as symptomatic signs are very similar to other diseases of the respiratory, cardiovascular and gastrointestinal system.

Low back pain the back is the most frequent category of neurological disorders of the spinal system. In the zone fall of the sacral and/or lumbar musculoskeletal structures of the spine.

When degenerative disc disease of the back, symptoms, causes and treatment, you need to identify differentiated as this anatomical area of the human body is most vulnerable to various injuries and neurological conditions. Often the spinal area of the lower back is subjected to other clinical pathologies, for example, a pinched sciatic nerve, sciatica, sciatica and so on.

The main symptom of neurological lesions of the lumbar zone is pain, aggravated by physical exertion. Symptoms of spinal osteochondrosis:

  • Tingling in the feet.
  • Dull or aching pain in the back or lower back, often marked dangerous crosses into these areas.

Low back pain in children pain is no different symptoms from adults. Degenerative disorder of a child is a consequence of the genetic dependencies of the musculoskeletal system. However, there is another cause of degenerative disc disease of the child, when a young body is subject to severe overload of musculoskeletal system. We are talking about professional sports or heavy physical labour performed by children.

Diagnosis

Diagnostic testing includes the following activities:

  • The history of the patient.
  • X-ray scanning for problem areas of the spine.
  • Myelography.
  • Computer or magnetic-resonant tomography.
  • In the case of having applied nuclear magnetic resonance.

Treatment

To effectively treat degenerative disorders of the spine, perhaps only at the initial stage of the disease when there are no complicating factors, and clearly identifying the causes of degenerative disc disease. The treatment of the disease involves a comprehensive medical approach to the problem.

At the initial stage, the drug effects on articular cartilage, and regain the plasticity of the musculoskeletal system will help with physiotherapy. The final stage of the treatment of musculoskeletal system – is the observance of preventive measures.

Selecting the symptoms, signs and causes of low back pain, treatment of neuralgic pathology begins with conservative therapy to eliminate pain and remove the inflammatory stress in the textile structure of the spine. Relief of pain symptoms is carried out in various therapeutic blockade, epidural and other actions. The health workers provided a wide range of pharmacological drug groups and drugs that allow pain loads and reduce muscular-tonic syndrome. Reduced activity of the vertebral bodies using physical therapy:

  • the static magnetic field;
  • application of currents of low frequency;
  • ultrasonic correction;
  • laser irradiation and so on.

In restorative treatment-and-prophylactic period is very effective is the use of massage (hydro massage) and physiotherapy (physical therapy), which strengthen the muscles of the lumbar, thoracic or cervical spinal systems, as well as contribute to decompression of nerve roots.

Dietary recommendations for neurological disorders

Proper nutritional care is of great importance, as it improves the activity of medication treatment. Special conditions when choosing a diet does not exist. Dietary recommendations are based only on the restriction of certain foods and observance of rules of a balanced meal. Foods should provide the body with the necessary range of useful vitamins and minerals, with minimal amounts of salt.

the osteoarthritis diet

Recommended foods:

  • Fresh vegetables (carrots, cabbage, onions, tomatoes, cucumbers and other agricultural gifts of nature).
  • Milk and milk products (kefir, fermented baked milk, cottage cheese, sour cream).
  • Diet lean meat and fish.
  • Fresh fruit and juices.
  • Mushrooms, nuts, sunflower seeds.

The foods that you should limit in the diet:

  • Grapes.
  • Bean products.
  • Sugar, salt, smoked and pickled products.
  • Hot spices, tea, coffee, pastry and so on.

It is important to know that daily consumption of two liters of purified water, will stimulate the articular elements of the spine, and improve peristalsis of the gastrointestinal tract.

Recipes of traditional medicine

Treatment with traditional medicine is an alternative way of influence on the joint structure of the spine. However, this treatment should be carried out jointly with the officially designated drugs medical therapy.

Recipe No. 1. The cinquefoil. Alcoholic tincture of herbaceous perennial plants it is possible to RUB the problem areas of the spine. 200 g of dry raw material is taken in 500 ml alcohol or product alcohol.

Recipe № 2. Homemade ointment of degenerative disc disease. The ingredients:

  • flour – 1 tbsp;
  • chicken egg – 1 PC.;
  • butter – 80 g;
  • vinegar (9%) – 1 tbsp

All treatment components are thoroughly mixed and placed in a dry and dark place for 2-3 days. The medicinal product is rubbed into the problem areas of the spine of the corset.

Recipe No. 3. Tincture of black radish. To prepare a medicinal composition, you must:

  • 100 ml of vodka or diluted alcohol;
  • 200 g natural bee product (honey);
  • 300 ml of fresh juice of black radish.

All the ingredients are mixed, and stand for 12 hours. This home compress is an effective treatment not only in osteochondrosis, but also help with other neurological disorders of the musculoskeletal system, for example, with sciatica or rheumatism of the joints of the skeletal frame.

low back pain prevention

Preventive measures

Medical prevention is proper nutrition, personal and sanitary hygiene, and to comply with healthy rules of the hostel. You should also protect your body against infectious and bacterial agents. Daily exercise, fresh air, water procedures in summer and winter, would have a beneficial impact on the organism as a whole, and the articular segments of the spine in particular. Especially important is the implementation of preventive medical action in a growing organism, that is, children.

Take care of yourself and stay healthy!