What to do when your fingers hurt

Hands are the main working tool of a person, and fingers are capable of performing the smallest operations. Over time, joints wear out as a result of mechanical stress, monotonous work, mineral deficiency, an unfavorable environment and pathologies of the musculoskeletal system.

What to do if finger joints hurt, how and how to treat pain in fingertips and other ailments, you will learn from the article.

Causes of pain

The reasons why fingers hurt are many and varied. The nature of the discomfort depends on a number of diseases of the musculoskeletal system, the strength of the load on the limbs, the diet, the person's lifestyle.

Pain syndrome, accompanied by an inflammatory process, manifests itself in the form of constrained movements in the morning after waking up. Unpleasant sensations go away after performing simple movements. Patients complain of redness, aches in the fingers, swelling, and decreased flexibility.

Mechanical pains are accompanied by symptoms of local inflammation. The nature of their severity is insignificant, so patients often do not pay attention to them.

Associated with diseases of the musculoskeletal system

causes of pain in the joints of the fingers

Finger pains appear due to diseases such as:

  1. Rheumatoid arthritis. This is an inflammatory autoimmune disease. It is characterized by the transience of the process and soon develops into a chronic form. Gives the patient a lot of unpleasant sensations. The disease mainly affects the small joints, less often large joints and internal organs are involved in the pathological process. It hurts to bend the middle and ring fingers. Puffiness, redness of the skin develops, the phalanges become hot to the touch. Intense pain syndrome interferes with clenching the hand into a fist. The degenerative process affects both upper limbs. Joints hurt in the morning or at night. Discomfort goes away in the late afternoon.
  2. Psoriatic arthritis. The disease is directly related to skin lesions - psoriasis. Joint pain is localized in the area of ​​the nail plates. The phalanges swell so much that they resemble red sausages with a bluish tinge. It is difficult for the patient to unbend the hands, the tip of the finger on the hand hurts when pressed.
  3. Infectious arthritis. The characteristic signs of the disease at the initial stage are often completely absent. The development of pathology is evidenced by the appearance of acute pain, which lasts for several hours or days. The affected joints become hot to the touch. The patient's body temperature rises, chills appear.
  4. Gout. The disease often manifests itself in people who have reached the age of fifty. The cause of the pathology is a violation of the metabolism of uric acid. As a result, urea is retained in the body and deposited in the cartilaginous and articular tissue, impairing motor functions. Burning and severe pain are faithful companions of the disease.
  5. Osteoarthritis. The disease develops as a result of degenerative changes in the joints. A thickening of the joints occurs, and as a result - a limitation of mobility. More often, the disease is diagnosed in women in the postmenopausal period. This is due to a decrease in estrogen production. A hereditary factor, metabolic disorders, intense physical activity also provoke the development of pathology. In addition to pain, the disease is characterized by the appearance of nodules under the skin and swelling of the joints. The phalanges of the hands are deformed, thicken in the middle and take the form of a spindle.
  6. Stenosing ligamentitis. The disease has common symptoms with arthrosis and arthritis. An x-ray helps to find out the cause. The clinical picture is characterized by pain in flexion and extension of the hand. Sometimes the fist is difficult to straighten. Clicks are heard during extensor movements.
  7. Riarthrosis. Pathology is manifested by pain in the joints of the thumbs. It manifests itself as a result of intense stress on the upper limbs, infections, intoxication and injuries. The diagnosis is made by a doctor after an external examination. A sharp pain appears when a finger is stretched, the discomfort increases with load: turning the key and the door handle, opening the lid. At the initial stage, the thumb on the hand at the base hurts. After exertion, the unpleasant sensations persist even at rest. Over time, the joints become deformed, movement is difficult. The patient loses the ability to clench his fingers.
  8. Rheumatism. The disease is characterized by sharp, unexpected pain. The phalanges of the hands turn red, swell, motor functions are impaired. A rash appears on the skin, the body temperature rises.
  9. Tendovaginitis. The pathological process of an inflammatory nature is accompanied by chronic damage to the tendon sheaths. The characteristic signs of the disease are crunching in the joints, pain during extension and flexion, swelling of the tendon sheath. The patient cannot make a fist, weakness appears.

Other reasons

what diseases do the joints of the fingers hurt

Pain in the fingers develops not only due to diseases of the musculoskeletal system. Other conditions contribute to this as well:

  1. Pregnancy. Swelling and pain in the joints appears due to an increase in the level of the hormone relaxin, which is responsible for softening the ligaments, calcium deficiency, pinching of the median nerve, and fibromyalgia.
  2. Postpartum period. Fingers and hands ache from a lack of calcium, pathological changes in the joints.
  3. Intense physical activity. Pain syndrome appears as a result of vascular disruption. The discomfort is accompanied by numbness and cramps. The skin turns pale, becomes cold, the nail plate thickens. Without treatment, the disease develops into a chronic form. There is a violation of the blood supply to the limbs and the passage of the upper arteries narrows. The pain becomes permanent and reminds of itself at the slightest exertion, the knuckles and phalanges hurt when bending.

Sore fingers are provoked by factors such as:

  • infectious processes in the articular tissue;
  • autoimmune pathologies;
  • wear of the joints;
  • injuries and fractures;
  • vitamin deficiency;
  • metabolic disorder;
  • smoking;
  • alcohol abuse;
  • heredity;
  • disruption of the thyroid gland;
  • diabetes mellitus;
  • hypothermia;
  • constant contact with vibration sources;
  • monotonous hand movements (tunnel syndrome in which the little finger and index finger on the right hand lose sensitivity).

Diagnostic methods

The method for determining diseases of the joints of the upper extremities includes the following types of procedures:

  1. X-ray. Helps to identify injuries, tumors, infectious lesions, to study the structure of bone tissue.
  2. ultrasound. In practice, they are rarely used, since the study does not provide an opportunity to obtain a clear picture due to the high bone density.
  3. Computed tomography.The method allows you to get a cut of the bones, to reveal changes in the tissues.
  4. Electrospondylography. This is a computer study that detects pathologies in those parts of the spinal column that are responsible for the functions of the upper limbs. Helps to identify diseases in the early stages.
  5. MRI. Safe and accurate method of tissue diagnostics using electromagnetic waves. The picture shows cross and longitudinal sections.
  6. Contrast discography. Diagnosis is carried out by introducing a special substance that helps to distinguish areas of pathology.
  7. General analysis of urine and blood. They help to establish severe types of arthritis, anemia and leukocytosis. A biochemical blood test reveals the level of fibrinogen, haptoglobin, sialic acids.
  8. Puncture of the joint.The synovial fluid becomes the subject of research. The method is used to accurately determine the causes of inflammatory processes.
  9. Skin biopsy. The study is carried out to identify rare types of arthritis against the background of lupus erythematosus, scleroderma.

Help. If necessary, to clarify the diagnosis, the doctor prescribes additional studies: determination of the level of urea, lupus cells and rheumatoid factor.

When to see a doctor

methods of treating pain in the joints of the fingers

Experts recommend seeking medical attention if you experience discomfort and pain in your joints when you twist and twist your fingertips. This will allow you to timely determine the nature of the disease and begin treatment.

Pathologies of the musculoskeletal system are studied by:

  • rheumatologist- examines connective tissues, joint dysfunctions;
  • surgeon- solves problems through surgery, conducts examination to identify diseases of the musculoskeletal system;
  • neuropathologistwill help with pinching of nerve endings, numbness of the limbs;
  • traumatologistdeals with problems resulting from injuries, various injuries of bones, ligaments, tendons;
  • hematologistdeals with the pathologies of ODA against the background of blood diseases.

Treatment methods

How and how is fingertip pain treated? Therapy for finger pain syndrome is aimed at eliminating the disease that led to the appearance of unpleasant sensations.

If the pain appears as a result of inflammation, antibacterial drugs, hormones and NSAIDs are prescribed. In case of dystrophic changes, the affected joints are restored with the use of chondroprotectors, physiotherapy procedures, manual therapy, massage, exercise therapy.

Medicines

An integrated approach is used in the treatment of diseases of the musculoskeletal system. To relieve the symptoms of pathological changes, analgesics are used. Chondroprotective agents help to restore cartilage tissue and replenish the deficiency of minerals and collagen.

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) that help relieve pain and inflammation in the joints are suitable for symptomatic treatment. Most popular and safest tools:

  • for oral administration - non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs;
  • for topical application - ointments, creams and gels with anesthetic ingredients.

Glucocorticoids are effective for rheumatoid arthritis. Doctors prescribe drugs for both internal use and external application.

Important! After elimination of acute symptoms, immunosuppressants and anticancer drugs are prescribed.

Exercise therapy and massage

Physiotherapy exercises and massage help restore local blood circulation, improve tissue trophism, saturate them with oxygen, and optimize motor functions.

Examples of finger gymnastics:

  1. While sitting, bend your arm at the elbow and place it on your thigh or a pillow, palm facing down. Simultaneously or alternately bring the phalanges of the hands together and apart.
  2. Lean on the support, bend your fingers halfway. Raise your hands up.
  3. Place your palms on the support. Move your thumbs back and alternately connect other fingers to them.
  4. Press your palms against the support and raise your hands.
  5. Flex and extend your fingers.
  6. Exercises must be repeated 5 times.

Massage techniques are effective for joint diseases. Self-massage patients report an improvement in their condition. Pain and swelling go away. Finger movements are performed in the direction from the tips of the phalanges to the base of the knuckles. Each finger is massaged separately.

The procedure is divided into three stages:

  1. Light stroking without tension.
  2. Rubbing is carried out by pinching (straight, zigzag, spiral).
  3. Shaking is carried out at the end of the massage.

Physiotherapy

how to get rid of pain in the joints of the fingers

Physiotherapy procedures accelerate and enhance the healing effect of other procedures. Depending on the characteristics of the disease, patients are prescribed paraffin therapy, ultrasound, mud therapy. Electrophoresis with anesthetic solutions, resonance therapy and electrosleep are capable of reducing pain.

Heat therapy is based on increasing the temperature in the affected joint. It stimulates metabolism, restores cartilage tissue. The procedure is used if medical treatment of diseases of the thumb and other phalanges does not help.

Methods of prevention

To prevent the development of degenerative and dystrophic processes in bone and muscle tissue, doctors recommend:

  • adhere to a proper diet (enrich the diet with iron, phosphorus, calcium);
  • give up bad habits (alcohol, smoking);
  • measure physical activity and its intensity;
  • follow a diet (exclude fatty, salty, spicy foods).

It is advisable to consume more often: fish, seafood, natural cheese and low-fat cottage cheese, salads, radishes, eggs, currants, nuts, pomegranate, figs, cauliflower, olive oil, ginger, flaxseed oil.

Omega-3 fatty acids improve the state of the vascular system, normalize the metabolism of fats. Apple cider vinegar alkalizes the blood and flushes out salts.

Conclusion

Painful sensations in the fingers develop as a result of diseases of the musculoskeletal system, intense physical exertion, bad habits and malnutrition. The hereditary factor plays an important role in the development of pathology and brings a lot of inconvenience to patients.

Treatment is aimed at eliminating the underlying causes, inflammation and pain. Preventive measures and a healthy lifestyle that prioritizes proper nutrition can help prevent the development of disease.