Osteochondrosis is a fairly common disease that affects the ligamentous apparatus of the spine.There are a lot of reasons for the development of this pathology, but they all ultimately lead to metabolic disorders directly in the intervertebral discs. The disease much more often affects female representatives, but it is much more painful in men. Therefore, absolutely everyone needs to know how to treat osteochondrosis and how to do it.
Signs of osteochondrosis
Before starting the treatment of osteochondrosis or seeking help from a doctor, you need to listen carefully to your body and try to answer yourself the following questions:
- Do you have persistent or intermittent back heaviness, excessive tension or numbness in your back muscles?
- Have you ever felt "goosebumps" on the skin of the lower back, back, neck?
- Have you ever had so-called "lumbago" in the lower back or bouts of aching pain in the arms or neck?
- Does the usual raising of your arms give you pain?
- Do you have frequent bouts of dizziness?
- Is there tinnitus or nausea?
- Is there numbness in the neck, arms or back?
In the event that at least one answer was positive, you are advised to seek medical help without delay. Initially, this may be a local therapist who, if necessary, will refer you to a narrow specialist.
Diagnosis of osteochondrosis
In order to choose the most effective treatment for osteochondrosis, it is necessary to determine the exact cause of its development and the degree of damage to the body, which is impossible without a complete diagnosis. As a rule, a complex of all necessary procedures is carried out under the guidance of an orthopedist, neuropathologist or vertebrologist. The presence of osteochondrosis is confirmed in the presence of appropriate symptoms, a history of the development of the disease and after a complete examination.
Together with osteochondrosis, when examining a patient, the doctor usually detects scoliosis (curvature of the spine), soreness at certain points and overly tense muscles on either side of the spine.
In order to clarify the diagnosis, an X-ray examination of the spine, computed tomography and nuclear magnetic resonance are performed.
How to treat osteochondrosis?
First of all, it is important to understand that the greatest success in the treatment of osteochondrosis can be achieved only if you cooperate with your doctor - any self-medication can lead to a deterioration in your health.
So, the treatment of osteochondrosis of the spine is always quite complicated and includes many components:
- exercise therapy;
- Surgical treatment;
- Correct diet.
In addition, the patient is advised to keep to bed rest, which, however, is practically impossible. Therefore, doctors advise you to just lie on a hard surface more often, including during sleep. However, if the pain attacks are severe enough, it is still better to minimize the mobility of the spine and consult a doctor as soon as possible.
Doctors prescribe the most effective procedures to treat osteochondrosis, quickly relieve pain and restore nerve conduction. Today's progressive methods are:
- Laser MLP;
- Ozokerite application.
Improvement occurs in 1-2 procedures.
Osteochondrosis can be treated with light exercise. They have a beneficial effect on all parts of the spine, improving metabolism and gradually restoring damaged intervertebral discs. As a result, the mobility of the spine improves, and the muscles located next to it are strengthened, up to the disability of a person.
There are many options for therapeutic exercises for osteochondrosis. Most often they are intended for one of the regions and the spine (cervical, lumbar, thoracic). The first exercise therapy classes should take place under the supervision of a coach, since improper performance threatens with serious consequences. In the future, you can engage in physiotherapy exercises at home.
What herbs are used to treat osteochondrosis? Only the patient's attending physician can confidently answer this question after carrying out all the necessary diagnostic studies. However, the use of any medicines for this disease is carried out in order to:
- Eliminate back pain and get rid of all accompanying symptoms of osteochondrosis;
- Cope with the inflammatory process;
- Stimulate the regeneration of cartilage and intervertebral disc tissues;
- Restore the normal functioning of the spine;
- Prevent further progression of the disease.
- We also recommend reading: Lower back pain Osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine of the 2nd degreeIf painful sensations appeared less than 1. 5 weeks ago, NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), such as Ibuprofen, Indomethacin and Diclofenac, are used. They allow not only to eliminate pain, but also to cope with the primary inflammatory process;
- The pain started more than 2 weeks ago - together with NSAIDs, painkillers or analgesics (Tramadol, etc. ) are used In such a situation, the appointment of the aforementioned drugs allows you to get rid of the pain and move on to the subsequent stages of treatment;
- Pain is observed for more than 3 months - NSAIDs, analgesics and antidepressants (Fluoxetine, Amitriptyline) are used simultaneously. The use of the latter allows you to restore the psycho-emotional balance of a person and reduce his pain.
Remember, the frequency of application and dosage of medicines is prescribed exclusively by a doctor. Self-administration of any medication is strictly prohibited.
Drugs for the treatment of the cause of osteochondrosis
As mentioned earlier, the main cause of osteoporosis is the destruction of articular cartilage and intervertebral discs as a result of metabolic problems. Based on this, pharmacologists have developed drugs called "chondroprotectors", which are aimed at regulating metabolic processes in the body and rapid regeneration of the cartilage of the spine.
Chondroitin sulfate is considered the most effective drug today.
Recovering patients from this disease is an extremely difficult task. For this purpose, the following techniques are used:
- Laser therapy;
- Electrophoresis with muscle relaxants and anti-inflammatory drugs;
- Traditional traction;
- Individual remedial gymnastics;
- Manual therapy;
- Apparatus for the treatment of osteochondrosis;
- Mud therapy;
- Baths (contrasting, radon).
All procedures and devices for the treatment of osteochondrosis are used only during the period of remission, i. e. at a time when the course of the disease is not accompanied by severe pain.
The reason for the surgical treatment may be the late treatment of the patient, the presence of complications of the underlying disease (for example, intervertebral hernia, radiculitis) or the ineffectiveness of conservative treatment methods.
All variants of surgical intervention pursue the same goals: elimination of pressure on the spinal cord itself and on its roots, as well as stabilization of the spine structure. If the patient has an intervertebral hernia, then the complete removal of the affected disc and the resulting hernia is performed.
Of course, surgical treatment involves a certain degree of risk. Therefore, in most cases, such operations are carried out for emergency indications, and planned only in the most severe cases.
Treatment of osteochondrosis with herbs, tinctures, lotions and compresses can in no way be the main one. It should only complement traditional treatment methods. Even so, it is important to consult with your doctor beforehand to avoid trouble.