Why can the back of the neck hurt?

Cervical vertebralthe column is more susceptible to various problems and injuries than others - due to the highThe first sign of most illnesses and any injuries is pain that comes from behind.

How and where exactly can the back neck hurt?

manifestation of pain in the neck

Pain in the back of the neck can manifest itself in different ways. First of all, sensations are divided into several types (depending on the place of their manifestation:

  1. Visceral: develops as a result of problems with the internal organs below the neck.
  2. Somatic: develops as a result of spinal column injuries.
  3. Central: develops as a consequence of damage to the central nervous system.
  4. Neuropathic: develops due to disturbances in the peripheral or central nervous system, if they are caused by abnormal activity of neurons.

You can feel it like this:

  1. Pain in muscle fibers. They can occur both on both sides, and on one - to the right or left.
  2. Pain in the back of the neck, radiating to other parts of the body: in the back of the head (base of the skull), in the head, in the shoulder joint, in the arm, in the ear.
  3. Pain in the tissues.

Most often, painful sensations occur in combination with other symptoms. The most common among them are:

  1. Dizziness.
  2. Decreased sensitivity, numbness of the hands (felt most strongly on the fingertips).
  3. Headache.
  4. Darkening of the eyes.

Unpleasant sensations at the time of manifestation can be:

  1. Chronic.In this case, the neck hurts from behind constantly. The intensity can change: weaken (for example, after the use of painkillers) and increase.
  2. Sharp.Appear after complete absence. Usually indicate the appearance of problems, or an exacerbation of the existing disease. They can manifest themselves both without obvious reasons, and after some actions or situations (sudden movement, hypothermia, injury).

Possible causes

The neck can hurt from behind (right, left, with recoil to other parts of the body) for a number of reasons:

  1. Abrupt head movements, especially if they are done after sitting / lying in the same position.
  2. Hypothermia of the neck.
  3. Prolonged stay in an uncomfortable position (lying, sitting, standing - it doesn't matter). A particularly relevant factor for persons leading a sedentary lifestyle or having a sedentary or standing job.
  4. Incorrectly selected pillow.
  5. Injuries to the cervical spine, muscles or ligaments - "fresh" or received a long time ago (in the case of incorrect or inadequate treatment, or if the injury was too serious and the body did not fully recover).
  6. Rheumatic diseases.
  7. Pathologies of the cervical spine, muscles or ligaments - congenital or acquired.
  8. A number of other diseases: lymphadenitis, retropharyngeal abscess, some infectious pathologies (poliomyelitis, osteomyelitis, tetanus), connective tissue diseases.
  9. Diseases of the internal organs (primarily the gastrointestinal tract or heart), in which painful sensations can be given to the neck.
  10. Psychological factors: stress, tension, depression. Strong experiences lead to pain of a neurotic nature.

Separately, it is worth highlighting a number of pathologies of the musculoskeletal system, in which pain in the back of the neck most often appears:

  1. Muscle cramps:occur due to prolonged uncomfortable position of the head (including when a person is sleeping).
  2. Osteochondrosis:loss of elasticity of the intervertebral discs. Neck pain radiating to the back of the head and head is the first sign of this pathology. They usually appear constantly, or after careless movements of the head.
  3. Protrusion and hernia.The main factor causing neck pain to the right or left, or both sides. Pain can often radiate to the shoulder joint, and be accompanied by numbness in the hands.

How to eliminate pain?

The main advice: if the back of the neck hurts (in a child or an adult - it does not matter), and the reason for these sensations is unclear - first of all, you should seek medical help. For an accurate diagnosis, you will need to undergo X-ray, MRI, CT or ultrasound, depending on the complete clinical picture.

The following methods are used to relieve painful sensations:

  1. Exercise therapy(exercise). For the cervical spine, the set of exercises is small, and is limited to bending and rotating the head. The key rule is that the movements should be performed smoothly, slowly and accurately.
  2. Choosing the right mattress and pillow.Especially important if the pain is clearly felt after sleep.
  3. Massage.Can be performed by a professional massage therapist or independently - the neck can be easily reached. Massage procedures are used for most diseases of the musculoskeletal system, and for rehabilitation after injuries.
  4. Drug therapy(tablets, ointments, injections).
  5. Physiotherapy procedures.

Please Note:The above methods are used as symptomatic treatment. For the complete elimination of painful sensations, it is necessary to identify and cure the disease itself.