Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of chest osteochondrosis. What does sternum pain say?

Thoracic osteochondrosis is a serious pathology involving dystrophic changes in the intervertebral discs. The disease is often the result of an inactive lifestyle, improper distribution of the load on the spine, metabolic disorders in the intervertebral discs.

The disease has a number of symptoms, but it is easy to confuse them with manifestations of other pathological phenomena. Therefore, it is important to know how to recognize osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine.

Can my chest hurt?

Chest pain with osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine

Pain in the chest is one of the common symptoms of osteochondrosis of the thoracic region. Their occurrence is associated with the following factors:

  • Dysfunction of organs in the thoracic region with joint inflammation.
  • Degenerative processes and atrophy at the junction of the spine and ribs.
  • Increased stress on the spine.
  • Inflammatory processes in the muscles.

One of the signs of osteochondrosis is a feeling of tremors in the chest, causing pain. . . Although from a physical point of view, this area of the spine is considered the strongest, it can be quite easily affected by the pathological process.

Reference!Sharp, sharp chest pain is called dorsago. It often occurs when the patient changes body position abruptly after being in a stationary position for a long time.

The mechanism of the syndrome

With increased loads and other factors that provoke osteochondrosis, the bone tissues of the spine are gradually deformed.Intervertebral discs are slowly destroyed, and pathological growths appearcalled osteophytes.

In the process of movement of the patient, these growths lead to pinching of the vessels of the spinal cord. Further development of degenerative processes leads to a deterioration in blood circulation, including in the chest. Communication with the nervous system is broken.

With the progression of osteochondrosis, the pressure increases. . . Accordingly, the pain also gets worse. Its localization is determined by the area in which degenerative processes occur.

Signs of GOP pathology

The main symptoms that manifest osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine (GOP) are as follows:

  • chest pain that gets worse at night;
  • pain between the shoulder blades, manifested in the process of bending the arms and trunk;
  • breathing pain;
  • pain in the area below the ribs during movement.

Consider what other symptoms there are, whether the chest, stomach can hurt, where the pain is, whether the hands are somehow affected.

Additional symptoms are as follows:

Symptom of chest osteochondrosis - pain in the sternum, resembling heart pain
  1. Chest pain. . . With osteochondrosis of the thoracic region, pain in the sternum is the main symptom. They can resemble heart pains, which can complicate diagnosis. Pain in the lower back, sides, and abdominal cavity is also possible.
  2. Feeling of a coma in the chest. . . Also common. The feeling of a coma in the chest is associated with pinched nerve endings. When it occurs, it is important not to panic, since the symptom is neurological in nature, and the condition may worsen even more.
  3. Headaches. . . Headache often manifests itself in cervical osteochondrosis, but in chest pain it can also make itself felt. Its appearance is associated with impaired blood circulation.
  4. Between the shoulder blades. . . Sometimes pain appears only in the interscapular region. Usually in this case, it is associated with breathing.
  5. Burning. . . A burning sensation in the chest is also possible. It is usually complemented by compressive pains and radiates to the heart. Symptoms can be similar to those of a heart attack, which is terrifying for patients.
  6. Hands go numb. . . Numbness of the limbs is also possible with osteochondrosis. It is associated with circulatory disorders.
  7. Give to the stomach area. . . If osteochondrosis affects the thoracic region, the pain can be given to the stomach area. Disruptions in the work of the gastrointestinal tract, the development or aggravation of pathologies of internal organs are also possible. Pain is most often caused by contracting nerves that connect the back to the digestive tract and pelvic organs.

    Discomfort is easily confused with pain in diseases of the digestive system.

  8. Hernia pain. . . With osteochondrosis, there is pressure on the cartilaginous layers between the vertebrae, cartilage is deformed. As a result, the bone tissue grows and a hernia occurs. Protruding, it contributes to irritation of the nerve endings, as a result of which pains may appear in various parts of the body.
  9. Soreness in swallowing. . . If the disease is localized in the upper sternum, pain may appear in the pharynx or esophagus. Feels like a lump in the throat. Problems with swallowing are also possible, especially when eating large or irritating food in the esophagus.
X-ray of the thoracic spine for the diagnosis of osteochondrosis

Diagnostics

To diagnose osteochondrosis, the following examinations are used:

  • examination by an orthopedist and surgeon;
  • chest x-ray;
  • ECG;
  • Ultrasound of the abdomen and chest;
  • general urine and blood tests;
  • gastroduodenoscopy (examination of the stomach and intestines by means of a probe).

These techniques make it possible to confirm that the symptoms that appear are the result of osteochondrosis, and not of another disease.

What is often confused with pain in the sternum with HOP chondrosis?

Pain in the sternum with osteochondrosis is most often confused with heart pain. . . They can also be confused with pain syndrome in case of disorders of the digestive system. To establish the exact cause, the doctor conducts a differential diagnosis.

What is the difference from cardiac pathology?

Pain in cervical osteochondrosis is similar to pain in cardiac pathologies. It is rather difficult for the patient to distinguish them, and an electrocardiogram is used for diagnosis. When it comes to heart disorders, the pain is easily relieved by glycerol trinitrate, while in osteochondrosis it does not relieve symptoms.

With VSD, it is additionally felt:

  • tachycardia and bradycardia;
  • there is a feeling of fear;
  • constant weakness and fatigue.

The pain, as a rule, is dull and aching, while with osteochondrosis it is compressive in nature.

How long does it last?

The pain can appear in short bouts and last for several minutes. If we are talking about long-term pain syndrome, it may not go away for 2-3 weeks.Severe symptoms usually last up to 5 days. . .

Are there any differences in symptoms between men and women?

Man with symptoms of thoracic osteochondrosis at a doctor's consultation

The main symptoms of breast osteochondrosis do not differ in men and women.

However,it is more difficult to diagnose pathology in women due to the peculiarities of the hormonal background. . . In young patients, it is subject to constant fluctuations. During menopause, the synthesis of certain hormones decreases, which can provoke a number of pathologies that require differential diagnosis.

In men, the disease is typical, which makes it possible to quickly identify it and begin therapy.




Treatment methods

The methods of treatment of both the disease itself and chest pains should be selected by the doctor. As a rule, complex therapy is required.

Medicines

Medicines are currently the main way to treat osteochondrosis.Here are the remedies that can be shown for lesions of the thoracic region:

  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs that help eliminate inflammation.
  • Chondroprotectors aimed at restoring the structure of the affected cartilage.
  • Muscle relaxants that provide relaxation and muscle tone.
  • Preparations for the normalization of metabolic processes.
  • Vitamin and mineral complexes.

The drugs can be given as pills or injections. In case of severe pain, a therapeutic blockade can alleviate the patient's condition.

Intra-articular injections of chondroprotectors for chest osteochondrosis

Intra-articular injections

In some cases, the introduction of chondroprotectors is required directly into the affected joint.

The drugs help:

  1. restore the elasticity of the discs between the vertebrae;
  2. saturate the affected tissues with essential nutrients;
  3. prevent their further destruction.

Blockade

Therapeutic blockade is aimed at quickly relieving pain and inflammation, as well as the return of the patient to normal mobility. It can be articular and periarticular. In the latter case, the medication is not injected into the joint itself, but into the tissues located around it. This method is more gentle and no less effective, but the result appears slower.

Gymnastics

Exercise helps to strengthen muscles, normalize the work of ligaments, muscles and joints, and reduce static stress on the spine. A doctor should select them. As a rule, gymnastics is prescribed only at the stage of remission.

Attention!During the exercise, the pain should not increase.

What exercises to do with a hernia?

The doctor can prescribe special gymnastics for hernia. It can be performed exclusively with attenuation of the pathological process.An important condition is the absence of severe pain syndrome. . .

With this pathology, exercises with a stick are often recommended. Tilts, turns and other simple movements aimed at working out the thoracic region can be performed.

Acupuncture for osteochondrosis of the thoracic region

Physiotherapy

Physiotherapy for the treatment of chest osteochondrosis can be prescribed:

  • vibration massage;
  • UHT;
  • acupuncture;
  • mud and light therapy.

These methods help relieve pain, accelerate tissue repair and relieve inflammation.

Massage

The main goal of therapeutic massage is to improve blood circulation, which has a beneficial effect on the treatment of the disease.

Manual therapy

Manual therapy is carried out only after a comprehensive examination of the patient. It is contraindicated for acute pain. Its main task is to eliminate spinal deformities, restore blood circulation and improve physical activity.

Manual therapy is not used:

  • with increased pressure;
  • after spinal injuries;
  • at the acute stage of chronic pathologies;
  • with vascular lesions;
  • infectious diseases.

It is also contraindicated for:

  1. oncology;
  2. lesions of the central nervous system;
  3. increased intracranial pressure.

The therapeutic effect is to restore muscle function, improve blood circulation in the vertebral tissues and normalize metabolic processes.

Hood

This method involves stretching the muscles and ligaments., which makes it possible to expand the distance between the vertebrae, eliminating pinched nerves. As a result, the pain syndrome is significantly weakened.

Folk remedies

Folk remedies cannot replace traditional medicine, however, they can complement the treatment. Of the most popular recipes, the following are noted:

Raw potato compress
  • Raw potato compresses. You need to grate the potatoes, stir it with honey in equal proportions, mix thoroughly. The composition is applied to the affected area, fixed like a compress and remains for two hours. Then you need to wash off the gruel with warm water.
  • This recipe can be used for both outdoor and indoor use. You need to take 50 grams of high-quality vodka, 150 grams of liquid honey, a small radish and four teaspoons of salt. Grate the potatoes and mix with the rest of the ingredients.

    The gruel can be applied to the affected area as a rub. You can also use the product as a tincture. It is consumed twice a day, in the morning and in the evening, in a course for a week.

  • You can also relieve pain in chest osteochondrosis by rubbing 250 grams of sunflower oil and chopped fresh oregano.

How to remove a seizure?

Medications are usually used to control the attack. In some cases, a drug block may be required.

From medicines can be prescribed:

  • anti-inflammatory drugs;
  • chondroprotectors;
  • muscle relaxants;
  • nootropics;
  • diuretic drugs;
  • B vitamins.

To normalize local blood circulation, a light massage can be performed.

Posture control during sedentary work

Prevention

Any disease is easier to prevent than to cure. To reduce the likelihood of the appearance or exacerbation of osteochondrosis,it is important to monitor your lifestyle. . .

  1. In the process of sedentary work, you need to periodically take breaks and devote them to physical activity.
  2. It is also important to give up bad habits, control posture, get enough sleep and avoid stress.

How to eat properly with an illness?

Proper nutrition helps speed up the recovery process and prevent disease. The diet is based on:

  • fish;
  • meat;
  • dairy products;
  • legumes.

It is also important that fresh fruits and vegetables are present in the diet. Food should not be fried - it is better to boil it, bake it or steam it.

It is important to limit use:

  • salt;
  • spices;
  • spices.

Also, caution is needed with:

  1. smoked meats;
  2. pickled dishes;
  3. sweets.

If you are overweight, it is important to follow a weight loss diet. Drink plenty of water. But you should not get carried away with coffee - it tends to flush out calcium from the body, which is harmful for osteochondrosis. It is also recommended to refuse alcoholic beverages.

Specialist recommendations

Additionally, experts give the following recommendations:

Doctors give recommendations to patients with chest osteochondrosis
  • To prevent aggravation, try to exercise caution when exercising. It is important to avoid extreme stress, fatigue and hypothermia.
  • Pay attention to any additional symptoms. This will help diagnose the disease in a timely manner. These include headache, dizziness, nausea, and breathing problems.
  • You should not prescribe medicines yourself - the doctor should select them, taking into account the severity of the pathological process and the existing symptoms.
  • In the event of acute pain, it is recommended to call an ambulance or consult a neurologist.

    Analgesics and local pain relievers can be used to relieve pain.

  • In case of exacerbation, bed rest must be observed. Activity should be minimal.
  • If the attacks of pain are provoked by a hernia, then wearing a special corset is required. In some cases, surgery is indispensable. It is carried out after a detailed diagnosis and exclusion of other pathologies.
  • It is important to take the correct position while sleeping. It is recommended to sleep on your back using a firm, dense mattress. When the vertebrae return to their normal physiological position, the discomfort disappears.

Chest osteochondrosis is not only an unpleasant disease, but also dangerous. It requires timely and comprehensive treatment. What therapy should be, the doctor decides. The patient, on the other hand, must adhere to all the recommendations received from him and lead a proper lifestyle.