Cervicothoracic osteochondrosis is a chronic aseptic inflammation that affects the musculoskeletal system, in particular, the intervertebral discs in the neck and sternum.This disease leads to the proliferation of bone tissue of the vertebra and narrowing of the lumen of the intervertebral disc. The defeat of the cervical and thoracic spine with osteochondrosis, often occurs due to a violation of the processes in the cartilage of the intervertebral discs. Also, the disease has a chronic course, a person feels systematic, in some cases minor, pain in the cervical and thoracic spine. In the presence of such symptoms, the patient should immediately contact a neuropathologist, but the most optimal treatment method is complex therapy, including gymnastics and manual exposure to the affected areas.
Reasons for the development of cervicothoracic osteochondrosis
Osteochondrosis has a large number of causes, but often they are somehow connected with the patient's inattention to his own health, as well as ignoring the precursors of the disease. The etiological factors that trigger the development mechanism of this disease include:
- Pathological deviations in posture that arise due to systematic curvature of the spine (bent back in a sitting position or when walking), while the neck and sternum are involved in the pathological process.
- Overweight. Excess weight puts strong pressure on the musculoskeletal system, intervertebral discs, as well as other bone and cartilaginous elements, which over time cannot cope with pressure and undergo dystrophic changes.
- Inactive lifestyle. A sedentary person very often suffers from various diseases, such as osteochondrosis, therefore, the absence of even minimal physical exercise contributes to a deterioration in the general condition of the human body.
- Improper nutrition. It has been scientifically proven that the general condition of a person depends on proper nutrition. A person should receive a sufficient amount of nutrients daily for him, especially when it comes to serious diseases.
- Hormonal disorders caused by the intake of various steroid drugs. Hormonal imbalance of the body is one of the possible sources of damage to the intervertebral discs in osteochondrosis.
- Spine injury. A person who has suffered traumatic injuries associated with the spine automatically falls into the risk group for musculoskeletal diseases. The level of risk depends on the nature of the injury.
This is not a complete list of all possible causes of cervical and thoracic osteochondrosis, but it includes the most common etiological factors. Therefore, in case of any suspicion of a pathology of the spine, in particular affecting the cervical spine, an immediate consultation of such specialists as a neurologist, osteopath, a doctor of physical therapy is necessary.
Cervicothoracic osteochondrosis: symptoms of the disease
Symptoms of osteochondrosis of the cervical and thoracic spine are often presented in the form of symptom complexes, such as:
- Vertebral artery syndrome. It occurs when the vessels of the spine are compressed, which leads to insufficient blood supply in the human body. This symptom complex is one of the root causes of dizziness, blurred vision, migraine, various noise effects in the ears and prolonged pain in the eyes. Such symptoms of osteochondrosis of the cervical and thoracic spine often appear during physical exertion, turning the head, tilting, etc.
- Vertebral syndrome. In this case, osteochondrosis is manifested by various pains in the neck and between the shoulder blades.
- Radicular syndrome. This syndrome develops in connection with the compression of the spinal roots or the destruction of the vertebral discs in thoracic osteochondrosis. The most common symptoms are coughing and systematic sneezing.
- Spinal Syndrome. For such a syndrome with cervicothoracic osteochondrosis, manifestations of a neurological nature are characteristic. The patient has acutely expressed disorders of the body's motor functions against the background of muscle wasting.
Symptoms of cervicothoracic osteochondrosis are manifested by many pathological processes, while pain sensations affect not only the cervical spine, but also other organs and systems. As a result, the patient has frequent shortness of breath, even with little physical exertion, the skin color changes (a gray tint is noted), the pulse quickens, systematic dizziness, minor but periodic pains in the chest, tired look and pronounced migraines. Moreover, with damage to the thoracic and cervical spine, there is a sharp release of hormones that affect a sharp change in the patient's mood.
Manifestations of thoracic osteochondrosis are often accompanied by hernial protrusions of the intervertebral discs in the sternum. In addition, an interdiscal hernia can occur with regular high physical exertion and other various pathologies in the musculoskeletal system, therefore, in the presence of a hernia of this localization, it is appropriate to carry out a differential diagnosis.
Clinical manifestations of dystrophic changes in the spine, combined with a hernia, depend on the location and type of hernia. When a lateral hernia occurs, there is systematic pain in a certain place of hernia formation. Abdominal pain is also seen. With the appearance of a median hernia, constant painful sensations are noted, which have a strong resistance to drugs.
The cervical spine is replete with many blood vessels, which is why most of the signs of cervical osteochondrosis are caused by insufficient blood supply, that is, impaired blood circulation in this area.
The most common symptoms of this condition include:
- Systematic head pains.
- Severe dizziness, which leads to periodic loss of consciousness.
- Sharp (even minor) hearing impairment.
- Decreased vision.
- Voice change, wheezing.
It is important to remember that the human body requires constant attention and appropriate care, therefore, it is imperative that you systematically visit a doctor and check your body for potential diseases. Moreover, cervicothoracic osteochondrosis can be expressed in completely different ways and have different effects on a person. Also, timely treatment of the disease will increase the patient's chance of complete recovery. To significantly reduce the risk of developing this disease, it is recommended to carry out a variety of exercises daily with a load on the muscle structures and the spine.
Treatment of cervicothoracic osteochondrosis by osteopathic methods
Today, the treatment of almost any serious disease associated with the musculoskeletal system can be carried out not only with the help of surgery and medication, but also in a safer way. Treatment with osteopathic methods is actively practiced.
As soon as the diagnosis is established, the patient begins to take medications to eliminate pain and normalize all internal processes in the human body. Along with drug treatment, an osteopathic doctor selects a set of manipulations that eliminate the cause of the disease and pathological processes in the cervical and thoracic spine. Along with this, the patient is recommended physical therapy (exercise therapy), thanks to which he will be able to restore and normalize his health.
Osteopathy treatment helps the patient get rid of pain, normalize health and get rid of osteochondrosis. An osteopath, by physical impact on the human body, restores the circulation of cerebrospinal fluid, normalizes blood circulation in the affected areas, performs a number of complex manipulations that allow you to gradually restore the cervicothoracic spine. Timely treatment with osteopathy helps prevent the development of the disease.