Why joints hurt

The appearance of joint pain - arthralgia - can be observed against the background of general well-being. Painful sensations appear, as a rule, after excessive physical exertion, can be observed in pregnant women. Recently, complaints of painful joints in children caused by the rapid development of the osteoarticular system have become more frequent.

joint pain in a man

In other cases, joint pain is a symptom of any pathology, a signal of an inflammatory or destructive process, an autoimmune disease. For a complete treatment of joints, it is important to determine the root cause of the onset of pain.

Joint pain symptoms

Painful sensations in the joints can be of a different nature:

  • temporary or permanent;
  • at rest or while moving;
  • with an increase in body temperature;
  • in massive or small joints;
  • only in the upper or lower extremities.

Each type of pain has its own characteristics of origin, clinical nuances, diagnostic and therapeutic approaches.

Knee pain

The knee is one of the largest and most complex joints in the human skeleton. The knee joint is subjected to almost constant stress. Painful sensations can be observed both at rest and during flexion, extension movements.

Knee pain can be caused by:

  • Minor joint injuries with bleeding into soft tissues. An injury to the knee joint causes swelling, soreness, and restriction of movement. In severe cases, the local temperature rises, relief does not come over time.
  • Meniscus injury. The most common are tear, compression of the meniscus. During a sharp flexion or extension, a loud click and sharp pain appear. A piercing painful sensation often causes the leg to become immobile.
  • A ruptured knee ligament is a severe injury that can be associated with a fracture. At the same time, the joint has an unnatural position.
  • Inflammatory diseases - arthritis, synovitis, bursitis. The process can involve not only the joint, but also tendons, shells of the articular bag, soft tissues.
  • Osteoporosis is a disease in which there is increased fragility of bones. The disease is accompanied by nocturnal cramps, pain in the spine.
  • Osteomyelitis is a purulent-necrotic pathology of bacterial origin. Patients complain of general malaise, high fever, redness and swelling of the joint.

Causes of pain in the elbow joint

Complaints about pain in the elbow joint do not depend on the gender or age of the patient. The normal functioning of the joint is ensured by the connected work of bones, muscles, ligaments, tendons, blood and lymph vessels. If the elbow joint hurts, you should think about the following reasons:

  • Internal or external epicondylitis is a disease that develops with regular significant physical exertion.
  • Intervertebral hernia in the thoracic spine. In the process of the disease, the roots of the spinal nerves, which innervate the girdle of the upper extremities, are infringed. The pain has a diffuse character, it radiates over the entire arm.
  • Arthrosis. Painful sensations are the result of destruction of the cartilage of the elbow joint. The patient complains of a crunch when bending, extending the arm.
  • Arthritis is an inflammatory disease characterized by constant pain. The joint increases in size, the skin over it turns red, and the local temperature increases. Bursitis almost always develops against the background of arthritis. On palpation, a dense formation with a liquid content is determined.

Certain patterns of elbow pain may indicate more serious causes. For example, pulling or aching pain can indicate the development of bone tuberculosis, oncological pathology. Sharp, piercing pain can be a consequence of injury to tendons, cartilage, ligaments. Pulsating, shooting pain is a sign of pinching of nerve fibers.

Pain in the elbow joint, which is burning in nature, may indicate an attack of angina pectoris or myocardial infarction.

Pain in the hip joint

The appearance of pain in the hip joint is always frightening and prompts you to immediately consult a doctor. The hip joint is formed by the largest bones in the skeleton and is the most powerful joint. The bone-cartilaginous structure experiences the greatest stress, supports the body's weight, and evenly distributes pressure.

Women experience hip pain much more often than men. This is due to the peculiarities of the physiological structure, gestation and childbirth, the predisposition of the female body to rheumatism.

In some cases, the pain and the cause of the disease can be cured once and for all, in others - only to alleviate the patient's condition, to slow down the development of pathology. It all depends on the causes of pain and the severity of the patient's condition.

Most often, pain in the hip joint occurs with the following diseases:

  • Injuries. If the articular elements are damaged, it becomes difficult to abduct the thigh to the side. The patient cannot lie on the injured side. Very often, an extensive hematoma forms over the joint.
  • Hip arthritis is characterized by intense pain that worsens at night. The thigh swells, the groin fold is smoothed, mobility is impaired. Rheumatoid arthritis inevitably leads to disability.
  • Coxarthrosis. Deforming processes in the articular surface lead to painful sensations during physical activity, walking. The pain is permanent, it increases with a change in body position.
  • Chondromatosis. The disease occurs when there is a deficiency in the development of articular cartilage. The formation of seals, nodules is accompanied by severe pain, limited mobility. There are known cases of the degeneration of chondromatosis into malignant formations.

Severe pain in one or both hip joints can be a signal for the development of diabetic arthropathy, hydrarthrosis, pseudogout. The listed diseases significantly affect the patient's quality of life; in severe cases, they can lead to disability.

What to do if the joints of the arms and legs hurt

Pain in the joints of the arms and legs can be the first symptom of serious illness. A feeling of aches, burning, limitation of the motor functions of the arms and legs are complaints that are voiced by patients with the following diseases:

  • rheumatoid arthritis;
  • arthrosis;
  • rheumatism;
  • injuries;
  • gout.

Acute pain in the joints of the arms and legs requires prompt relief to relieve the patient's condition. As a first aid, it is recommended to perform some actions:

  • Provide rest to the limbs.
  • Take one of the pain relievers or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
  • Contact a specialist to establish the correct diagnosis, determine the correct treatment tactics.

Without medical advice, the use of folk remedies, any medicines is prohibited.

Diagnostics

Establishing the correct diagnosis requires high professionalism, the use of laboratory and hardware diagnostic methods. X-ray examination allows you to determine the destruction of cartilage, ligament ruptures, deforming processes. In some cases, it is advisable to perform magnetic resonance imaging. MRI scans allow visualizing changes in the structure of the synovial membrane, bone marrow edema, pathological processes in the soft periarticular tissues.

Laboratory blood tests show levels of specific inflammatory markers. Analysis of the effusion of the joint capsule makes it possible to establish the infectious nature of the disease.

At the Center for Restorative Medicine, orthopedists and traumatologists conduct a comprehensive examination for complaints of pain in large and small joints of the upper and lower extremities, hip joints. A modern laboratory with the latest equipment allows you to examine biological fluids for elements of inflammation and infection.

Joint treatment methods

First of all, you should act on the root cause of the disease. For the treatment of joints, medical and conservative methods are used. As medicines are prescribed:

  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory substances.
  • Immunomodulatory drugs for curbing pathological processes, for example, in rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Corticosteroid drugs.
  • Vitamin complexes.

A good effect is achieved by injecting drugs directly into the affected joint. Intra-articular injections should only be performed by a qualified physician. This is a technique that is used no more than 3-4 times a year.

Conservative methods allow you to restore joint mobility, elasticity of ligaments, cartilage tissue, and relieve symptoms of inflammation. For a therapeutic purpose, the patient is prescribed:

  • physiotherapy sessions;
  • physiotherapy exercises (exercise therapy);
  • massage;
  • hydrotherapy;
  • treatment with warm or cold exposure.

Important! All therapeutic methods without treatment of the underlying disease will give only a temporary result, will briefly alleviate the patient's condition.

For the treatment of joints in the Center for Restorative Medicine, an extremely comprehensive approach is used. The main task of specialists is to determine the root cause of the painful syndrome and to eliminate it.

The physiotherapy department has all the necessary equipment for the treatment of joint pain of any localization. Experienced rehabilitation therapists select individual exercise therapy complexes that allow you to preserve all the functions of the joints. A qualified vertebrologist eliminates pain associated with spinal pathologies.

Keep in mind that joint pain can signal a serious problem.