Causes and treatment of back pain

Low back pain is common and common. Both men, women and children suffer from this. The causes of this ailment are varied.

back pain in the lumbar region

Pain itself is a "wake-up call" warning of any changes occurring in the human body. Pain should not be ignored; serious consequences can follow. You should contact a specialist, identify the source and begin to eliminate it.

Causes of back pain

The most harmless reason is fatigue. During the day, there is a large load on the spine and it is not evenly distributed. From here there is an unpleasant, aching sensation in the dorsal region. Excessive physical activity, weight lifting.

Of course, various injuries, bruises

The reasons can be divided into two main categories - diseases of the spine and internal organs.

Mostly in women, pain occurs as a result of:

  • Gynecological ailments (fibroids, vulvitis, adnexitis, tumor of the internal genital organs).
  • Pregnancy. Especially in the last trimester, there is a large load on the spine, as a result of which lower back pain appears. What is natural and goes away after childbirth.
  • Menstrual cycle. A residual symptom is quite possible.
  • Abortion. After a stressful condition and an inflammatory process.
  • Climax. Changes in hormonal levels provoke circulatory failures in the small pelvis. Osteoporosis develops.

In men:

  • Features of professional activity. (weight lifting).
  • Prostatitis. Rarely, but possible.
  • Oncology of the genital organs. After 50 years.
  • Sports activities. Excessive loads.

In children:

  • Poor posture. It provokes uncomfortable shoes, improper wearing of a knapsack, bending over textbooks.
  • Hernia.

In addition to diseases of the spine, pain is caused by such pathologies as:

  • congenital defects of the spinal column (irregular shape, splitting);
  • appendicitis;
  • cholecystitis;
  • kidney disease;
  • adhesions;
  • neoplasms in the back;
  • bone tuberculosis;
  • overweight;
  • small bowel disease;
  • inflammatory processes in the muscles.

What diseases cause back pain?

lower back pain with sedentary work

There are both primary signs of the disease and secondary ones. The primary diseases themselves are directly related to the spine. Secondary pains are of a reflective nature, diseases of internal organs.

Let's consider the most common ones:

  1. Injuries. Fractures, bruises. Received as a result of a fall, impact, road accident, sports and more.
  2. Scoliosis. Rachiocampsis. The skeleton is deformed, a hump appears. Has a congenital or acquired character.
  3. Osteochondrosis. There is a destruction of joints, bones, nerve fibers are involved. Can provoke radiculitis, hernias, intervertebral discs.
  4. Osteoporosis. Disorders of calcium and phosphorus metabolism. Bone density decreases, and the percentage of injuries increases.
  5. Rheumatoid arthritis. A chronic inflammatory process in the joints, involves the adjacent ligaments and muscles. The development of the autoimmune process is to blame.
  6. Phlebothrombosis (Thrombophlebitis). Complete or partial disturbance of blood flow.
  7. Ankylosing spondylitis. Connective tissue grows, mobility is lost.
  8. Spondylosis. Natural aging of the joint.
  9. Lumbago. Destructive changes in the spine, accompanied by acute pain. If left untreated, it will lead to irreversible consequences.
  10. Various kidney diseases lead to lower back pain: pyelonephritis, kidney prolapse, renal failure, gout, amyloidosis, diabetic nephropathy, renal colic, etc.
  11. Varieties of tumors of the gastric tract and duodenum.
  12. Pathology of the small pelvis.

Symptoms and nature of pain

Symptoms are expressed in varying degrees of discomfort in the lumbar region. Pain in the lumbar spine is very varied.

Divided into periodic and permanent. Periodic are associated with acute pathologies, physical activity and some other individual characteristics of the skeleton.

Permanent ones are caused by irreversible damage to the apornomotor system. They cannot be completely cured and are returned.

The same pain syndrome is primary and secondary. The first is directly related to the musculoskeletal system itself, and the second has nothing to do with it and is provoked by the pathologies of other diseases.

Important!The nature of the pain is different: acute, aching, periodic, sharp, pulling, pulsating, excruciating, mild. It is accompanied in some cases by numbness of the lower extremities, cold snap, decreased sensitivity in the legs, paleness, convulsions, lameness, limitation of movement, paralysis.

Diagnostic methods

pain in the lower back

If the cause of the pain is known (trauma, pregnancy, chronic diseases), you should immediately go to a specialist with a narrower profile. Otherwise, first you need to contact a therapist.

Further, such procedures will be carried out as:

  • Examination of blood and urine tests, biochemical analysis.
  • Ultrasound of the internal organs of the abdominal cavity and heart.
  • X-ray of the lumbar spine.
  • MRI and CT. The most accurate examination that identifies the focus of the disease.
  • Study of blood vessels.

And already on the basis of these results, the cause will be identified and the appropriate treatment prescribed.

What to do if your back hurts in your lower back?

First aid

back pain in the lumbar region

Dull, sharp or throbbing pain, whatever it may be, makes life very difficult, does not allow you to do your usual and favorite things.

If it was unexpected, you need to take the following measures:

  1. Lie down on a semi-hard, flat surface so that the spine acquires the correct shape.
  2. Try to relax. Don't tense your muscles or panic. Self-hypnosis also plays a big role.
  3. Call a doctor. Take an anesthetic, but it is not advisable, the doctor will not be able to accurately determine the focus of the disease.
  4. You can bandage (fix).
  5. To measure the temperature.

During pregnancy:

  • exclude physical activity;
  • wearing a prenatal bandage;
  • perform simple physical exercises while sitting;
  • eat more potassium and phosphorus.

Drug treatment


  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). They fight inflammation, edema, and improve mobility.
  • Chondroprotectors. They prevent the destruction of cartilaginous tissue, contribute to its restoration.
  • Muscle relaxants. Relaxes stiff muscles, relieves pain. They are used in the case when NSAIDs did not give the desired results.
  • Corticosteroids. Prevents inflammation, blocks severe pain.
  • Narcotic analgesics. Purchase in pharmacies only with a doctor's prescription, as they are addictive.
  • Analgesics. Depending on the strength and nature of the pain.
  • Group B vitamins. They are combined with NSAIDs. Vitamin complexes and vitamins of group B1, B12, B6.

Ointments, creams:

  • Preparations with local irritating and analgesic effects. Reduces discomfort, relaxes muscles, relieves inflammation, nourishes and warms.
  • Warming with hot pepper, snake and bee venom.
  • Chondroprotective.

Good to know!Medicated patches and injections are also used to treat low back pain. The latter are done in case all of the above did not have the desired effect. The injections are placed directly in the lumbar region.

Folk remedies

We turn to traditional medicine again. There are many methods of treatment among the people, but before applying them on yourself, you need to consult with a specialist, since there may be contraindications to treatment with these methods.

Let's look at a few examples:

  1. Fresh or steamed burdock leaves are used as a compress.
  2. Mustard plasters are combined with honey.
  3. Mix crushed garlic with vegetable oil. Garlic is also mixed with petroleum jelly and a spoonful of lemon juice. Smear the disturbing place.
  4. Mix lavender, orange, rosemary, eucalyptus, fir and camphor oils with petroleum jelly. You will get a warming ointment.
  5. A warming compress is made with mustard powder. Another 200 gr. dry mustard is poured into the bath. After acceptance, wrap yourself in a warm blanket.
  6. Stir honey and vinegar over a canteen boat and put on a cabbage leaf. Attach to a sore spot, tie with a warm scarf.
  7. Alcohol tincture of eucalyptus, relieve pain. Grind the area of concern well.
  8. Sage leaves, birch, pine buds, chamomile, plantain, anise, burdock roots, mix with melted butter or pork fat.
  9. Rub the beets on a grater, squeeze. Mix the cake with a spoon of kerosene, put on a napkin, thin cloth. Attach to the place where you are most concerned about. Top with polyethylene and tie it up with something warm.
  10. Infusions, decoctions of medicinal herbs, fruits and roots for ingestion work wonders. They fight inflammation, vitaminize the body and speed up the metabolic process. Useful plants: chamomile, knotweed, St. John's wort, burdock roots, calendula, violet, dandelion, white willow bark, snake mountaineer, immortelle.


Physio procedures have properties to enhance the effect of medications on the body.

The complex gives a wonderful result:

  • Paraffin and ozokerite applications. Perfectly warms up the affected area, it is applied, layer by layer, heated wax, up to 1 cm in height. Then covered with a film and wrapped in a woolen cloth for an hour. A course lasting from 10 to 30 days.
  • Electrophoresis. The procedure is carried out using a special apparatus that supplies a weak current signal. Tingling is felt.
  • Muscle electrical stimulation.
  • Pearl and turpentine baths.
  • Mud therapy. Pronounced anti-inflammatory effect and pain relief.
  • Ampipulse therapy.


Gymnastics or physiotherapy exercises will help strengthen the muscles, heal faster.

Special exercises are selected by an orthopedist or vertebrologist, depending on the injury and other indications.

Therapeutic exercises should be performed after the inflammatory process has passed and the pain subsided.

Continuous exercise will strengthen the back muscles and reduce the stress on the bones, accelerate blood circulation, which will lead to better tissue metabolism.

The first classes are conducted under the guidance of a doctor, then independently at home. Exercises of arching the back up and down will be helpful. And on all fours, deflection to one side and the other.

Walking, visiting the pool will be useful.


The benefits of massage are enormous, but in the case of back pain, it should be done by an experienced massage therapist. Otherwise, improper movements will harm and accelerate the progression of pathologies.

Massage movements, if they are correct, warm up and relieve spasm, activate blood microcirculation. It has a beneficial effect on the body as a whole and on the patient's mood.

During the massage, such techniques as rubbing with fingertips, stroking, kneading muscles are used.

Prevention measures

  • Exercise is invaluable in prevention.
  • Do not make sudden movements.
  • Strengthen immunity, lead a healthy lifestyle.
  • It is worth monitoring your posture.
  • See a doctor annually.
  • Proper nutrition and maintenance of water balance in the body.
  • Avoid stress and nervous shocks.

Note:It is worthwhile to monitor your health, consult a doctor for timely treatment. Listen to the alarming signals that the body sends in the form of pain. Do not self-medicate. Since all this can lead to irreversible consequences.