Effective methods of treatment of arthrosis

arthrosis of the fingers

Arthrosis is a permanent disease of the articular joint, which leads to the destruction of cartilage tissue. The disease develops in the bone material under the cartilage and in the muscles that connect the joints and ligaments. The factor of the disease is a poor metabolic process in the body, but the resulting injuries in the articular part, inflammatory processes, excessive weight and high physical exertion can serve as an impetus for its development.

Therapy of a degenerative-dystrophic disease consists of several stages. The entire treatment process can take from several months to several years. Treatment methods are divided into 3 groups: non-drug, medicinal, surgical. Today you will learn how to cope with pain, which physiotherapy is best to use and what measures to take to avoid a relapse. Severe joint disease can be cured if you follow the doctor's recommendations, exercise and do not break the regime.

List of conservative therapies

How to cure arthrosis? This question haunts many patients with this diagnosis. Doctors recommend several methods of therapy, because the cases are completely different. But experts are sure that if you start immediate treatment of arthrosis of the joints at the first signs of the disease, then you can not only prevent the disease from progressing, but also cure it. The first step is to counsel the patient about daily behavior, exercise, overweight. The rules must be followed throughout the therapy process. The second step is prescribing drugs. Various medications are used to treat osteoarthritis:

  1. Painkillers with anti-inflammatory action.
  2. The injections help relieve pain for up to four weeks.
  3. "Chondroitin" is an important component of connective tissue, cartilage cells. It suppresses inflammation in the joints and protects them from further damage.
  4. "Hyaluronic acid" in arthrosis is necessary for the synovial fluid, and the good functioning of the joints. You can inject directly into the joint itself or take pills.

Arthrosis is treated in combination with physiotherapy. Usually, heat treatment is recommended in the acute stage, cold compresses, muscle strengthening and stretching, electro- and ultrasound therapy.

The benefits of physiotherapy procedures and their types

paraffin therapy for arthrosis

Joints and their mobility can be restored with the help of physiotherapy. Physiotherapy for arthrosis includes a wide range of therapies that improve the functioning of the joints and reduce pain with inflammation. These include:

  1. Thermal treatments are the application of cold and heat.
  2. Use of assistive devices such as splints, canes, walkers. They provide stability and mobility. Doctors teach patients how to use them correctly
  3. To get rid of arthrosis of the hands, physiotherapists advise using paraffin therapy.
  4. If the spine has been affected by the disease, it is necessary to buy a hard mattress, a cervical collar or a corset for the lumbar region.

It is advisable to perform individual exercises that mobilize the joints. Also, physiotherapists recommend that patients with arthrosis include swimming, water aerobics, Pilates, and walking on a stationary bicycle in the treatment of arthrosis. Benefits of physiotherapy:

  • reduction of pain and inflammation;
  • increased flexibility and range of motion;
  • increase in muscle strength;
  • improved coordination;
  • weight loss and control;
  • improving the function of the cardiovascular system.

It is important to remember that rest and immobilization are important in the acute stage. Physiotherapy is prescribed during the period of remission and after surgery.

The effectiveness of water exercises

Therapeutic exercises for arthrosis are an important part of any treatment program. Exercise therapy helps strengthen and stabilize joints, preventing further damage. Patients suffering from severe pain feel only worsening soreness by regularly exercising. Water exercise is a great option to stop arthrosis, reduce symptoms, and relieve pressure on your joints.

Osteoarthritis is a degenerative disease that begins as a result of the breakdown of cartilage that covers the ends of bones. As the cartilage thins, the bones rub against each other, causing pain, stiffness, and swelling. Due to the loss of shock-absorbing function, exercises such as running, aerobics will exacerbate the symptoms of the disease. And water therapy, on the contrary, will get rid of them, since it does not have a strong effect on the joints. Your doctor may recommend:

  • aquatherapy;
  • hydrotherapy.

A swimming instructor will tell you in detail how to deal with arthrosis with the help of hydrotherapy. The force of water counteracts gravity, thereby reducing pressure on the joints. In addition to reducing symptoms, water therapy has an effect on the cardiovascular system. After completing the course, patients improve blood circulation in the muscles and joints, due to which the cartilage tissue is restored.

Manual therapy against the disease

manual therapy for osteoarthritis

In addition to medical treatment of osteoarthritis of the foot, knee, hip, and other joints, manual therapy helps some patients manage their symptoms. The most common therapies are chiropractic and massage for arthrosis. Chiropractors are licensed medical professionals. The treatment and prevention of the neuromuscular and motor apparatus is what their activities are focused on. The chiropractor, through manual manipulation, relieves pressure on sensitive nerve cells, improves overall health, restores the structural integrity of the spine, and corrects biomechanical problems affecting the nervous system. Chiropractors have become an integral part of pain management. In addition, chiropractors can advise on how to restore mobility on your own.

Therapeutic massage for arthrosis is carried out by a qualified specialist. A physiotherapist or massage therapist can use a variety of massage techniques that are appropriate for a particular case. There are several types of massage:

  • point - reduces the manifestations of pain;
  • deep - relieves pain in muscles and tendons located close to the joints;
  • Swedish - increases blood circulation.

One session lasts from 30 to 60 minutes. Massage therapists use rubbing, pressure, stroking and patting in one session, for the best effectiveness of the procedure. It is better to carry out water manual treatment of arthrosis in a sanatorium. So the patient will be insured against falls, heavy loads.

The effect of intra-articular oxygen therapy

Arthrosis of the joints can be treated with intra-articular oxygen therapy. Saturation of articular tissues with oxygen accelerates metabolic processes. This is an effective treatment for arthrosis, which results in the following:

  • joints receive all the necessary nutrients;
  • tissue degeneration slows down;
  • improves collagen synthesis;
  • hyaluronates are filtered more efficiently;
  • cellular metabolism is stimulated;
  • there is a straightening of the articular bag;
  • the range of motion increases;
  • the elasticity of cartilage and menisci is restored.

Treatment of arthrosis without surgery and medications, but with the help of oxygenation, stimulates the self-healing of cartilage tissues, which occurs due to improved blood circulation in the joints.

Traditional and folk creams

ointment for the treatment of arthrosis

Ointments for arthrosis help to remove the main symptoms of the disease. Pharmaceutical companies claim that with arthrosis of the foot, hip, shoulder or knee, creams can cure the pathology. But this is far from true. Ointment for arthrosis only reduces the manifestations of its symptoms: pain, redness, inflammation.

Joint mobility is restored by ointments prepared at home from natural ingredients. Recipes:

  1. Take a bag of mustard powder, a pinch of salt and paraffin. The ingredients are mixed and put in a water bath. The resulting mass is placed in a tightly closed container. After 12 hours, the ointment is applied to diseased joints.
  2. Unripe juniper and nettle berries are mixed with crushed herb leaves in equal amounts. Then add 1 tbsp. l. melted fat, mix all components well and put the ointment in the refrigerator. You can use the tool up to 4 times a day.

The fight against arthrosis with the help of ointments is aimed at the symptoms of the disease. Excellent remedies are lavender oil, vitamin E and peppermint oil.

Surgical methods of therapy

Most patients manage to manage the disease with conservative methods. Surgical treatment is necessary if other measures fail or if the damage is too great that non-surgical methods are not even worth considering. How to stop the disease? With arthrosis of the joints, one of the following methods of surgical intervention is possible:

  1. Arthrodesis.
  2. Arthroscopy.
  3. Osteomy.

Cartilage replacement is required in case of severe damage and the progression of the disease to other tissues. Damaged cartilage is replaced with an artificial one. This type of treatment is called endoprosthetics. After the end of the operation, recovery is required, during which it is necessary to perform physiotherapy exercises, it is possible to take antibiotics to prevent suppuration.

How to prevent a relapse?

Prevention of arthrosis of the knee joints (hip, shoulder) is a change in lifestyle. Some simple changes such as quitting smoking, weight loss, increased mobility, proper daily routine and caring for the joints play a big role in preventing the development of arthrosis. Some activities should be avoided, such as running, lifting weights. It is better to replace them with swimming, cycling, physiotherapy exercises. Not only will not physical activity be bad for your joints, but it will also lead to other health problems. Your doctor may suggest alternative exercises. People with osteoarthritis of the ankle should wear comfortable shoes that provide support.

It is necessary to periodically rest, feeling the pain. Moderate pain means the joint needs rest. Being overweight is one of the biggest risk factors for osteoarthritis – and for good reason. Extra pounds put extra pressure on weight-bearing joints like the hips and knees. Over time, the extra load destroys the cartilage. The less weight, the less stress on the joints. To do this, you should give up certain products, follow a diet and work more with a physiotherapist. You can also use a cane or walker to make walking easier. Some patients use meditation, relaxation, and hypnosis as prophylaxis.