Acute pain in the lumbar region, on the background of osteochondrosis is a common problem faced by the vast majority of people. Having got us "a reward" for our bipedalism (due to higher axial loads on the spine), this disease sooner or later affects everyone on the planet, the only question is how fast this occurs and how pronounced the symptoms. Therefore, the issue of treatment of osteochondrosis – a topic very relevant.
So what is osteochondrosis? Let us consider briefly the development of the disease. In its name, if you translate it literally from Latin, the structure changing during osteoarthritis: bone and cartilage. For the purposes of attenuation and resistance to vertical loads nature has placed between the two vertebrae is a kind of fibro-cartilage "cushions" — the intervertebral discs. Their food is carried out in childhood due to the blood vessels, which lost approximately 25 years, and the food begins to be diffuse due to the surrounding muscles.
In pathological loads on the spine (sedentary work, or excessive physical activity), violations of the processes of mineral metabolism in the intervertebral disc loses its absorbing and elastic properties, reduces its height, changing structure of the vertebrae, there are pathological bony growths (osteophytes and zamechatelnye plates), impaired mobility in the affected section of the spine. In the later stages of disease the Central portion of the intervertebral disc called the nucleus pulposus, breaking the fibrous ring, forms a kind of saccular protrusion between bodies of vertebrae — intervertebral hernia. Herniation can cause compression of the adjacent vertebrae to the nerve root, there is intense pain in the area of compression, as well as in the field of adjustable work affected nerve. Due to the constant irritation of the nerve plexus there is a reflex spasm of the skeletal muscles, in medicine called protective defense that on the one hand protects the suffering from the spine from excessive movements, and on the other hand increases the compression, swelling and pain in the affected area. In the majority of cases (90%) the pain syndrome in osteochondrosis (even very distinct) due to muscle spasm! In other cases, the cause of the pain is the compression of the nerve root or the spinal cord directly a herniated disc.
Osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine: how to treat
From all parts of the spine, and there are five of them (cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral, and coccygeal), because the largest motor load from the manifestations of the illness lumbar. Osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine is bright, all the familiar symptoms, and treatment it is a significant social problem because it affects the quality of life not only of the elderly but active people of working age.
Pain can be localized directly in the lumbar region, and also on the front of the thigh, or across the back or outer surface of the leg, sometimes to my fingers. Often give pain in the gluteal region, pelvis, perineum, and sometimes can be localized only in these areas, masquerading as diseases of the urogenital system and intestines and making it difficult the correct diagnosis. The pain intensity may be so high that a person loses the ability to perform the most basic movements, adopt forced postures and loses normal sleep. That much of the sciatica, which in wider circles has long been synonymous with the disease itself.
Limitation of physical activity. Violated the usual movement and sensitivity in the extremities, occur muscle cramps, paresthesia (tingling, burning, "pins and needles"). Dysfunction of pelvis organs. With intensive radicular syndrome is known as sciatica, or massive Grajewo the protrusion can even be broken urination and bowels, causing severe agony to the patient.
Treatment of degenerative disc disease of the lumbar spine often becomes challenging for both patient and doctor. Every person suffering from this disease were asked the following questions: "How to treat lumbar degenerative disc disease?", "How to treat osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine?", "If the treatment of degenerative disc disease of the lumbar at home does not help – to what doctor to address?", "If the pills and ointment for lumbar disc disease does not help — how to treat?". To cope with the aggravation of degenerative disc disease and prescribe an effective treatment will help the following physicians: therapist, neurologist, specialist in medical massage, chiropractor, physical therapist, and if necessary, surgical treatment – doctor neurosurgeon.
Ways of dealing with osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine
The main thing in the treatment of degenerative disc disease is the right way of life! People actively and properly engaged in physical culture and witness the spine, back never hurts! Unfortunately, few people comply with these simple truths.
Examining this question, we can distinguish:
Non-pharmacological methods of treatment of pathology of the lumbar spine
Distraction procedures. Their effect lies in the name itself — the use of a variety of applicators, massage mats and cushions, woolen belts, "widgets" and "rastertime" due to the impact on surface nerve endings and blood vessels reduces muscle spasm and pain. These methods can be used as an auxiliary, but insulated their use during exacerbation of osteochondrosis of lumbar segment without systemic treatment with special medicines ineffective.
Means of immobilization. Under these tools understand the bandages different designs, the wearing of which allows to protect the spine from sharp and "dangerous" movements and to redistribute the load if static work. Means of immobilization can be purchased at medical equipment stores and pharmacies however before purchasing advisable to consult a doctor who will help determine the best in your situation design, the stiffness and configuration of the bandage. It is advisable to apply them only at the time of impact of adverse factors (driving, sedentary work, etc.), as prolonged use causes wasting of the muscles.
Physiotherapy (physical therapy) – an integral component of complex treatment of degenerative disc disease. Exercise to maintain tone of skeletal muscle of the back and the removal of pathological muscle spasm and help restore and sustain physical activity, reduction of pain syndrome intensity. A significant plus physical therapy is that after learning instructor the person can independently perform daily exercises at home, and in the existence of a set of exercises, applicable even during exacerbation of the process. The most effective method of physical therapy is the hydrotherapy sessions at the gym on individually developed technique, because the formation of the muscular corset is necessary to work with weights.
Acupuncture. According to recent studies, the use of this popular in wide circles of the methodology evidence-based medicine is considered to be unreasonable in osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine, does not eliminate the symptoms of the disease, and refers to alternative methods of treatment.
Physiotherapy, included in national clinical guidelines and standards of medical care in osteochondrosis, has long proved its effectiveness in the treatment of this disease. Osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine applied electromyostimulation, amplipulse therapy, shock wave therapy, interstitial myostimulation, laser. A popular method in the complex treatment remains magnetic. Its advantages include good tolerance and a small list of contraindications, possibility of application in the acute period of the disease. Acting on all links of the pathological process it already after a few treatments significantly reduces pain and allows a person to expand physical activity. In addition, by improving the trophism of the affected tissue it slows down the progression of the disease. The obvious advantage of this method is the possibility of its independent use by the patient outside a medical institution. But if all the above non-pharmacological methods have been ineffective — then what to treat lumbar degenerative disc disease?
the disease involves the appointment of the following drug groups:
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are available in forms for local (gels, ointments, creams) and systemic treatment (tablets, suppositories, solutions for intramuscular and intravenous). Their action is based on blocking the inflammatory process on enzymatic level due to eliminating swelling in the affected area and significantly reduced pain.
In the early stages of the disease is enough local application of NSAIDs in combination with non-pharmacological methods (physiotherapy, magnetotherapy). When expressed pathological process and the intense pain has to resort to tablets, and sometimes and injectable forms of drugs.Unfortunately, possessing good anti-inflammatory and analgesic effect of NSAIDs, long-term systemic use can cause the development and worsening of ulcerative and erosive processes of the gastrointestinal tract, and impaired kidney and liver. So patients for a long time taking NSAIDs, the drugs that protect the stomach lining and regular laboratory monitoring of the performance of the liver and kidneys.
The system muscle relaxants, ie, drugs that relieve muscle spasm. The principle of their action lies in the name: relaxation of spastic muscles reduce the compression of nerves and blood vessels, swelling in the affected area – improves blood circulation and lymph drainage – reduces pain by reducing défense, reduced muscle tension of the ligaments decreases the bulging (protrusion) of the intervertebral disc – simmering pain, increases range of motion.
Local anesthetics or medications for local anesthesia used for medical treatment of lumbar osteochondrosis in the form of so-called paravertebral blockade, when the solution of the drug administered first subcutaneously, and then in the processes of the affected vertebra in the projection of the anticipated compression of a nerve root. Accumulate in the membranes of nerve fibers, the drug effectively blocks pain signal. Therapist, of course, to perform such a blockade can not, it is necessary to consult a neurologist or neurosurgeon.
For paravertebral injection are sometimes used solutions of glucocorticosteroids (GCS) — hormonal drugs, has a pronounced anti-inflammatory action. Local their application allows to achieve the maximum effect with the minimum risk of undesirable side effects of the drug. Such closures are held courses 2-3 times a year, to fulfill their needs a neurologist or a physician neurosurgeon.
Vitamins of group "b". In any pharmacy you can find medicines of this group as in the forms for oral administration, and intramuscular administration. They are believed to have neurotrophic and easy analgetic effect, but reliable justify their use in osteochondrosis of the spine evidence-based medicine is not obtained.
Physical therapy in osteochondrosis of the lumbar
Unfortunately, sometimes complex treatment with application of modern medicines, physiotherapy, massage and exercise therapy is ineffective – the person continues to experience pain, there is the limitation of physical activity significantly affects the quality of life. It happens in the later stages of the disease, when forming the three-dimensional, often multiple gryzenia protrusions of the intervertebral discs. In this situation, surgical treatment is indicated. Additionally, surgical intervention is indicated for the so-called "prolapse of the hernia" when a significant compression of the spinal canal causes pain nekupirutayasa, static-dynamic violations and the blockade of the functions of the bladder and intestines. In such cases, surgery is performed on an emergency basis. The purpose of surgical interventions for degenerative disc disease of the lumbar spine is a mechanical decompression of the spinal canal and nerve roots.
Currently, the surgical treatment of osteoarthritis are used as a long-known surgical techniques and modern medicine minimally invasive endoscopic procedures using laser and RF exposure, some of which can be carried out even under local anesthesia. Having considered the main ways of treatment of degenerative disc disease of the lumbar spine, I want to reiterate that the patient who asks the question "how to treat lumbar degenerative disc disease?", should not rely only on the help of physicians, but on their own strength, realizing the importance of a healthy lifestyle, which encouraged proper nutrition is applied correctly dosed physical load, and most importantly, there is faith in victory over the disease.