Cervical degenerative disc disease: symptoms and treatment


Obviously, with such disease as osteochondrosis, met many people. Doctors believe this disease is a popular disease, to blame him, in particular, the low mobility characteristic of the current way of life. The second reason is alcohol and the imbalance of power. These factors can cause an aggravation of a dormant disease. One of the most common is the degenerative disc disease of the neck. It is the most frequent exacerbations, since this area of localization – neck, with her mobile, small vertebrae and lack of a strong muscular corset, susceptible to pathological influences to the maximum extent.

How dangerous is degenerative disc disease neck

Effect on the organs and symptoms

Stages of osteoarthritis:

  • This step means that the process of degeneration has begun, the vertebral bone and cartilaginous tissue undergoing degradation. Symptoms, as already noted, is expressed poorly. In General, patients do not seek medical attention at this stage because it does not bind minor episodic pain with serious diseases of the spine, taking all the fatigue and stress.
  • Here, the height of the disc decreases significantly, and the cracks on it are expanding, so the pain become permanent, there is a permanent weakness, may experience a temporary numbness of different facial muscles and areas of the head.
  • A major stage in the formation of disk herniation. Are damaged blood vessels and muscles of the neck. The patient experiences persistent pain, accompanied by dizziness. He hurts not only the neck, but the head in the occipital part. Reduced working capacity.
  • At this stage, the formation of osteophytes. Pathologically proliferating bone tissue leads to pinching of nervous tissue. The result is the same pain, the intensity of which is increased and damage of the joints adjacent to the nidus, paralytic stiffness. People may stop to perform many necessary functions.

Common symptoms of degenerative disc disease of the cervical.

Osteochondrosis arises as a result of uneven loading on the spine. Predisposing factors:

  • heavy physical exertion;
  • wearing the wrong shoes;
  • malnutrition;
  • the problem with the exchange processes;
  • nervous and emotional exhaustion.

The disease can occur during carrying a child. A big risk in multiple pregnancies. The pathological process may be genetically determined. At the last stage of conservative treatment will be ineffective. The doctor prescribes surgery, which will require a long recovery.

Common symptoms

Low back pain may cover one or more of the spine. Most often affects the cervical vertebrae. Clinical symptoms such deviations directly related to the work of the brain. Consider all the main symptoms of this disease.

Pain in the neck, neck and neck area

pain in the neck

Patients often have neck pain, occipital and neck area. This is due to insufficient blood supply in the brain. Deformation of the vertebrae leading to compression of the vertebral artery. Against the background of these degenerative processes can occur hernia. Along with pain, there is a risk of serious complications. For example, disruptions in blood pressure or persistent impairment of hearing and vision. Sometimes patients having panic attacks and anxiety. They can last for 30 minutes. A condition called diencephalic syndrome. Another cause of pain is spasm of muscles, which leads to reduced blood flow. The patient may temporarily lose the ability to move his neck. The strong strain leads to the fact that pain from the neck begin to flow in the head and can continue to spread head. In such processes, the patient suffers from severe migraines.


The cervical vertebrae are quite thin so if you hold the head they are subjected to heavy loads. They are more susceptible to deformation than the vertebrae of the thoracic. As a result of deviation occur dizziness, which can be:

System. There is a sense of circular motion of the body and surrounding objects. It occurs due to malfunction of the vestibular apparatus, muscles and receptors in the joints.
Non-system. Patient presents with a feeling of faintness, stunned and uncertain state in a vertical position. The sense of circular rotation is missing. If you experience such symptoms you must immediately consult a doctor. Causes for emergency hospitalization of the patient:

  • numbness of the shoulder;
  • paralysis of the facial muscles;
  • loss of consciousness;
  • severe headache.

Displaced vertebrae and muscle spasm leads to pinched nerves that nourish the brain. Due to the lack of oxygen have dizzy spells. Initially, the oxygen deficiency occurs in the back of the head, as it is the center of the vestibular apparatus.

The lack of air

Lack of air in osteochondrosis may be of several types: problems with breathing and lack of oxygen. Difficult breathing in the background of pinched nerves which transmit signals from the pharynx to the esophagus. The displacement of vertebrae in patients experience shortness of breath. This condition often occurs in stressful situations. After normal breathing is restored. Sometimes there is a lump in the throat which cannot drink or swallow. The lack of air occurs because of a pinched nerve. The result is a spasm of the diaphragm, which may result in changes of the depth and rhythm of breathing. The patient becomes stuffy and difficult to breathe. This is a serious symptom as shortness of breath osteochondrosis dangerous development of some other complications. In this case, the doctor prescribes medication.


To the rear structures of the brain receive insufficient quantity of arterial blood. This triggers compensatory reactions. Narrowing of the arteries leads to increased blood pressure. The patient the feeling of nausea. If you do not restore blood flow to the hind brain structures, the patient develops vomiting and loss of consciousness. Long stroke increases the risk of developing stroke and further disability.


Problems with vision

Osteochondrosis of the neck the patient may experience double vision, floaters and flickering. They indicate the onset of serious diseases that appear on the background of osteochondrosis. These include the following diseases:

  • glaucoma;
  • cataract;
  • disease of Claude Bernard-Horner.

Glaucoma accompanied by high intraocular pressure and damage to the visual nerve. The treatment will help to achieve remission but do not remove the pathology completely.
A cataract involves the destruction of the lens. This occurs because of a failure in the metabolic processes of the brain. The first symptom of this disease flies before my eyes. If time does not begin treatment, the patient can lose eyesight. Disease Of Claude Bernard-Horner. The cause of the disease – hypoxia occipital division and the defeat of the optic nerve. The symptoms of the disease – deterioration reaction of the pupil and the difference in their size. Sometimes the patient cannot close the eyelids completely. There are serious problems with twilight vision.

Jumps in blood pressure

Jumps are observed during the day. For such disease is characterized by prolonged hypertension. Hopping dynamics of daily uretralnoe hypertension occurs when the reflex irritations of the nervous terminations and momentary spasms krovenosnyh vessels. Symptoms of high blood pressure in cervical osteochondrosis:

  • headache;
  • pressure peaks after stress or muscle strain;
  • pain in the limbs;
  • low sensitivity in the neck area.

When sudden changes in blood pressure and severe deterioration of General condition, should seek emergency treatment.

Pharyngeal problems


Sometimes on the occurrence of degenerative processes in the cervical vertebrae, can testify only pharyngeal symptoms. Such characteristics are associated with injury to neuro-vascular trunks, which go from the spinal cord. However, these symptoms are observed not only in osteochondrosis, but also inflammation and swelling.

Chondrosis of the spine in children and adolescents

Chondrosis of the spine in children and adolescents is caused by a General delay of development of connective tissue. It may be the result of genetic abnormalities or disorders of mineral metabolism. Immature intervertebral discs vulnerable to different pathological processes. The disease is caused by sedentary lifestyle, long sitting at the computer and the availability of excess weight. The symptoms of this disease are similar to symptoms of osteoarthritis in adults. With the defeat of the cervical the patient is experiencing pain in the neck, dizzy spells and migraines.

The symptoms of acute

The brightness of the severity of symptoms depends on the stage of pathology and the extent of its progression. The main symptom is pain in the neck. Their list the following:

  1. Pain in the parietal area.
  2. Reduction of skin sensitivity parietal area.
  3. Pain on one side of the neck.
  4. Pain in collarbone and shoulder.
  5. The severity of the language.
  6. Interruptions in breathing, it's not smooth.
  7. Soreness in cardiac region.
  8. Pain symptoms in the right upper quadrant.
  9. the
  10. Headaches with pressure on the eyes either unilateral headache only in part.
  11. The crunch that is heard in the neck area from behind in the implementation of the tilt, nod your head or bend.
  12. Fog in the eyes, spots or points, hearing disorders and ringing in the ear.
  13. Pain and muscle weakness in hands, up to wrist.

Noise, ringing, a feeling of stuffiness in the ears

Hearing loss, noise, ringing and a feeling of stuffiness in the ears occurs in the background of the decrease of intensity of blood flow from the vertebral artery to the vestibular system. This complex of symptoms is called the cochlear or cochlear. Doctors are not always able to associate such deviations with the development of cervical degenerative disc disease. Noise and ringing in the ears occurs when you change the position or a long stay in one position.


Before diagnosis and treatment, the doctor will conduct several diagnostic tests. Is external examination, evaluates posture and studied the musculature.

Computed tomography

Computed tomography allows you to see the bone in 3D projection. According to the principle of carrying out this procedure similar to an x-ray. However, such diagnostics allows you to see the layered image. This procedure is not available to children and pregnant women, because a high dose x-ray irradiation. Among the contraindications include lack of patient's ability to remain in a stationary position for several minutes.

Treatment of cervical degenerative disc disease

Drugs belonging to the group of muscle relaxants may also be prescribed to patients weakening of the muscles pathological stress. Plus can be assigned to the vascular and diuretics, nootropics and b-vitamins. With a strong fever, accompanied by intolerable pain, can be assigned to the procedure called a siege, when a shot doing right in the area of the affected vertebrae, delivering medication at the destination quickly and removing, thus, the pain.


Non-drug treatment

In addition to pills and injections, it is mandatory to complex non-drug measures. These include:

  • physiotherapy;
  • physiotherapy;
  • massage.


Classes, in the form of specially designed gymnastics is an effective way to facilitate the progress of exacerbation of osteochondrosis of the neck and to reduce its intensity. Regularly, in terms of the physical center, or at home, to do exercises that strengthen the muscles. Muscle tissue will help to support the spine weakened by the defeat of the segments, removing them from the load and to fill the lack of functionality. Physiotherapy is the easiest and affordable form of treatment of cervical degenerative disc disease

Physical therapy

This type of therapy differs the minimum number of contraindications, but it has a wide range of beneficial effects. In physiotherapy package can include:

  • ultrasound;
  • laser therapy;
  • magnetic therapy;
  • electrophoresis.

Physiotherapeutic devices

It definitely shows, because only a regular massage will reduce muscle tone, cancels spasm, reduce edema, organizing the flow of lymph, and then enter the normal circulation. This, in turn, would stop the process of destruction discs. A chiropractor can help to prevent relapse.

Collar Trench


Also important is the organization of sleeping space, equipped not only with hard orthopedic mattress but also a pillow that prevents the curvature of the neck. How long can a fever, which force will attack, as soon as the aggravation may happen again – this and other information is often of interest to patients. Phase of the exacerbations are all different. If treatment begins immediately after the attack, and the therapy is adequate, the peak of the disease will subside after a few days. If not treated immediately, the aggravation may last for weeks and cause serious consequences.

Swimming is very useful

In everyday life it is recommended to follow the General preventive guidelines. To warm up the long sitting, Hiking, not to overeat and to prevent obesity. It is also very important to treat the disease immediately at the first signs, without waiting for aggravation. Low back pain is insidious, it can lay low for a while and then return at the most unexpected moment, causing severe pain, which becomes a barrier to full existence.